Soviet and foreign cameras with examples of photos

Page Content

Camera (from Greek: φωτός - light + from Latin: apparatus - preparation, device) = photographic apparatus: an optical system designed to obtain static images of objects being photographed on a photosensitive layer of photographic film, photographic plate or other photographic material, as well as on light-sensitive elements of various electronic devices (see, for example: matrix).

Foreign cameras

Canon цифровые

  1. Canon (manufacturer)
  2. About Magic Lantern for Canon in Russian
  3. EOS-R3
  4. EOS 5DS (R)
  5. EOS-1Ds
  6. EOS 6D
  7. EOS 7D
  8. EOS 7D Mark II
  9. EOS 70D
  10. EOS 60D
  11. EOS 600D
  12. EOS 550D
  13. EOS 500D
  14. EOS 400D
  15. EOS 300D
  16. EOS 1000D
  17. EOS 1100D
  18. EOS 1300D
  19. EOS 4000D

Canon пленочные

  1. EOS-1N
  2. EOS-620
  3. EOS Kiss (500)
  4. EOS New Kiss (500N)
  5. EOS Kiss III (300)
  6. EOS 1000QD (1000F)
  7. EOS 5000QD
  8. EOS 10QD (10S)
  9. EOS-5
  10. EOS-700
  11. EOS 30/33/Elan 7
  12. EOS-30
  13. EOS-300
  14. EOS 300v
  15. EOS 3000v
  16. EOS 3000N
  17. Autoboy 120
  18. canon f1
  19. Canon ftb
  20. Canon prima BF-800
  21. Canon prima super 115u
  22. canon prima zoom 85N
  23. Canon AV-1 (1979)
  24. Canon AL-1
  25. Canon EX
  26. Canon Flex R2000
  27. Canon FlexRP
  28. Canon Flex RM
  29. Canon Flex
  30. Canonet Junior
  31. Canon Demi
  32. canonet
  33. Canon 7
  34. Canon P
  35. Canon VI L
  36. Canon VI T
  37. Canon VL2
  38. Canon VL
  39. Canon L3
  40. Canon L1
  41. Canon VT Deluxe
  42. Canon L2
  43. Canon VT
  44. Canon II F2
  45. Canon II D2
  46. Canon II S2
  47. Canon II Sb2
  48. Canon II S
  49. Canon II F
  50. Canon II AX
  51. Canon II AF
  52. Canon IV Sb
  53. Canon IID
  54. Canon II A
  55. Canon IV S
  56. Canon IIIA
  57. Canon IV
  58. Canon III
  59. Canon IIC
  60. Canon IIB
  61. Canon S II
  62. Canon SI
  63. Canon S for Japanese Navy (WWII)
  64. Canon JII
  65. Canon JS
  66. Canon NS
  67. Canon J
  68. Canon S
  69. Hansa Canon
  70. kwanon






  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Contax d
  3. Contax E
  4. Contax F
  5. Contax S
  6. Contica
  7. Super d
  8. Console
  9. Hexacon
  10. Astra 35FX
  11. Corbina
  12. Rival Reflex 35 MX

Leica AG








  1. Hanimex (reseller)
  2. Hanimex Praktica LTL
  3. Hanimex Praktica Super TL
  4. Hanimex Praktica NOVA IB
  5. Hanimex Praktica LB
  6. Hanimex Praktica L
  7. Hanimex Pro L
  8. Hanimex Pro TL
  9. Hanimex Praktica TL
  10. Hanimex Praktica NOVA I
  11. Hanimex Praktica mat
  12. Hanimex Praktica 66


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Kamera Werk (manufacturer)
  3. Praktina cameras
  4. Praktina FX cameras
  5. Praktina FX - first generation
  6. Praktina FX - second generation
  7. Praktina FX - third generation
  8. Praktina FX - fourth generation
  9. Praktina FX - fifth generation
  10. Praktina IIA - sixth generation
  11. Practina IIA - seventh generation
  12. Practina after 1960
  13. Corbina, Hexacon Supreme, Porst reflex, Texographie T2
  16. Texographie T2
  17. Practice N, prototype
  18. Pentacon Super - heir to Praktina
  19. Prices for Practina
  20. Booklets


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Kamera Werk (manufacturer)
  3. Praktiflex Camera Series
  4. Praktiflex 3 A
  5. Praktiflex 3B
  6. Praktiflex 4
  7. Praktiflex 5b
  8. Praktiflex 5 brown finish
  9. Praktiflex 6 gray-black with shoe
  10. Praktiflex 8
  11. Praktiflex 8 military
  12. Praktiflex 9
  13. Praktiflex 10 black
  14. Praktiflex 12
  15. Praktiflex 15
  16. Praktiflex 15 chrome
  17. Praktiflex 15 with flash
  18. Praktiflex 16
  19. Praktiflex 16 24 × 28


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Practisix Camera Series
  3. Praktisix
  4. Practice II


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Kamera Werk (manufacturer)
  3. Praktica Camera Series
  4. Praktica MTL 5B
  5. Praktica LTL 3
  6. Praktica LTL
  7. Praktica L
  8. Praktica FX2
  9. Practice I
  10. Praktica vlc
  11. Praktica 140AF ZOOM


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Pentacon super
  3. Pentacon six tl
  4. Pentacon f
  5. Pentacon FM
  6. Pentacon FB
  7. Pentacon FBM
  8. Pentacon e
  9. Pentacon (Contax D)













Zeiss Icon

Cameras of the USSR

The smallest Soviet camera - Vega-2 and Kiev-30. 

Camera families

By model
















Sokol (Falcon)

Satellite (Sputnik)






By manufacturer and family

Photographic equipment of enterprises of the Russian industrial group

Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant

Family "Sharp"
Group of models without sync contact
Group of models with sync contact
Family "Sharp-automatic"
Family "Moscow"
  • Moscow-1
  • Moscow-2
  • Moscow-2A
  • Moscow-3
  • Moscow-4
  • Moscow-5
Family "Horizon"
Group of models "Horizon"

The Iskra family

Family "Zenith"
Zenit-E-KMZ family
Zenit-19 family
  • Zenit-18
  • Zenit-19
  • Zenit MT-1
Zenit-TTL family
Family of KMZ soap dishes
Family "Start"
Family "Photosniper"

Leningrad State Optical Mechanical Plant (GOMZ)

Family "Photocor"
  • Photocor
Family "Amateur"
Family "Sputnik"
Family "Smena-GOMZ"
The first group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The second group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The fourth group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The fifth group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The sixth group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The eighth group of the Smena-GOMZ family
  • Lomo-35F
Family "Falcon"
Family "LOMO-135"
Family "Compact-Avtomat"

Photographic equipment of enterprises of the Ukrainian industrial group

Kharkov plant "FED"

Group of models of the family "FED"
without exposure meter
Group of models of the "FED" family with an exposure meter
FED-Mikron family
FED-Atlas family
  • FED-Atlas (FED-11)

Kiev plant "Arsenal"

Group of models of the "Kiev" family without exposure meter
  • Kiev II
Group of models of the family "Kiev" with an exposure meter
  • Kiev III
Family "Vega"
Family "Kiev-machine"
Family "Kiev-17"
Family "Kiev-6S"

Photographic equipment of enterprises of the Belarusian industrial group

Minsk Mechanical Plant (MMZ)

Family "Smena-MMZ"

Family "Seagull"

Family "Viliya"

Family "Elikon"

Vileika group of the "Elikon" family

Model line "Elikon-35"
  • Model "Elikon-35SM"

Minsk group of the "Elikon" family

"Relay-Pennant" project

Family "Agate"

  • Agat-18K

Scientific Research Technological Institute of Optical Instrumentation in Minsk (NITIOP)

Vileika Mechanical Plant "Zenith"

Vileika family "Zenith"

Group of models with built-in exposure meter
Group of semi-automatic cameras



Photography Courses:

Briefly about cameras

  • A CAMERA is a device for making photographs, the basis of which is a light-tight housing containing a photographic film. When gate opens (usually for a short time), the light from the outside is focused by a lens system on the film. The amount of light falling on the film is controlled by the speed of movement shutter and opening diameter lens, which can also be adjusted with the adjustable IRIS. Most cameras also have a rangefinder, which allows you to focus the image at a given distance to the subject, and a built-in exposure meter, which allows you to determine the correct combination of response speed. shutter and the opening of the aperture in the available lighting. In cameras connected to a computer, these functions (selection of the optimal combination of shutter speed and aperture opening) are automated. Recently, digital cameras have appeared in which a memory device “records” a photograph, after which it can be entered into a computer and printed.
  • A digital camera takes photographs like a regular camera, but records an image on an internal storage device or on a card, so that it can be easily entered into a computer, where it is processed, if necessary, and then printed. Instead of a film, a chip card with flash memory is inserted into the camera. Light striking the silicon atoms on the surface of the card knocks out electrons, which are attracted to the positive electrode. Periodically, the level of electron charge is measured in vertical columns and horizontal lines, from which the image is composed, and the pixels of the residual charge are removed.
  • By its purpose cameras are subdivided into general purpose (or universal) and special.
    The former are often very conditionally and indistinctly divided into "amateur" and so-called. "Professional" and are used for portrait, group, landscape photography, etc.
  • Special cameras intended for photographic work - aerial photography, micro photography, photo-recording, etc. and for obtaining special types of photographs - panoramic, stereoscopic and others. Or they have special devices, for example: a butt, which makes it more convenient to take pictures of wild animals (photo hunting), etc.
  • Cameras are divided according to the format of the resulting image (medium format, small format, etc.), according to the method of aiming and focusing (scale, rangefinder, mirror, etc.), according to the photographic material or photodetector used (film, plate, with in-camera processing, digital and etc.).