FED-NKVD, aka FED-S, aka FED-Komandirsky. In the review - FED-NKVD with number # 146158.
Before I got my hands on the FED-NKVD, I had already done several reviews of the FED cameras.
And despite the external similarity with its more common counterparts, the FED-NKVD, nevertheless, has some fundamental differences regarding the internal equipment. For example, a standard set of shutter speeds (Leuke) - Z, 1/20, 1/30, 1/40, 1/60, 1/100, 1/200, 1/500, 1/1000... Reconfigured rangefinder, for the use of the lens FED 2/50 with an extended flange.
By catalog 1200 cameras of the USSR - the camera belongs to "FED-S Model Group II Issue 3".
It does not have fastenings for a belt, with the inscription "FED NKVD-USSR Kharkiv Combine named after FEDzerzhinsky ". Years of release - 1938-1941 and in 1942 in evacuation. The camera number is 146158, stamped on the top cover. Standard lens - FED 2/50 with the "Planar" scheme.
Judging by the optical schemes, the lens is a simplified copy of the Leitz lens (Leica was equipped at that time with Ernst Leitz Wetzlar Summar 2 \ 50). That the parent, that his "copy", do not have factory enlightenment, however, FED 2/50 over time, it became covered with oxides and shines with all the colors of the rainbow, so we can say that enlightenment has appeared).
The body of the camera is made like all FED-Zorkie of the first models, with a removable bottom cover, under which the film is charged. With such a system, it takes considerable experience in film charging to be able to fit in at least five minutes.
Flip-up rear panels will appear a little later. The controls are also identical to the FED-Zorky models:
Collective value, of course, is. According to some reports, cameras with a standard lens FED 2/50 only about 20000 units were produced.
However, both lenses and cameras are sold separately. But if you see an "Industar-22" or FED 3,5 \ 50 installed on this camera, you need to clarify whether the rangefinder is adapted for this lens. On the FED-NKVD, it is impossible to install rangefinder lenses other than the standard one for operation, since lenses of a non-standard focal length were installed on it. If you install other lenses without adjusting the rangefinder, there will be soap and defocus on the film. If, of course, you are going to shoot with this camera.
The specimen that fell into my hands required maintenance, since the lubricant in all mechanisms had dried out, and even the shutter cocking, not to mention its release, was difficult. The FED-NKVD uses a widespread, due to its simplicity, focal plane curtain shutter, which can be repaired on the knee using textbooks on repairing Soviet equipment. Spare parts can be taken from Zorkikh, FEDs and Zenits of a younger release (of which there are plenty).
The camera is interesting for collectors. Most likely, it will be difficult to find in working and original condition. Still, 80 years have passed since the release. But the very fact that this technique can still be repaired and used is worthy of respect.
The inconvenience in working with this camera is as follows:
The lens is very interesting. Gives good center sharpness, veils across the entire frame, and is low contrast in brightly lit scenes. Due to the lack of enlightenment, by modern standards it is suitable for some kind of artistic shooting, I think. Or, shooting using filters (yellow for example, and photographs on b / w film). There is a review of several lenses from FED, and cameras of a later release:
You can also read the review about camera "MIR" - further development of the FED-Zorky rangefinder camera line.
The procedure for working with the camera is as follows:
|Camera type||35mm horizontal travel focal-plane shutter camera|
|Print size||24 x 36 mm|
|Lens included||FED 2/50|
|Mount lens||Unified threaded connection (M39)|
|Metering||External exposure meter sold separately|
|Shutter||Biaxial focal gate with fabric curtains. |
Main shutter speed dial contains Z, 1/20, 1/30, 1/40, 1/60, 1/100, 1/200, 1/500, 1/1000 sec
|Viewfinder||Distance viewfinder with rangefinder|
|Loading Film||Removable bottom cover, roll of film is inserted inside.|
|Frame counter||Manual entry from 0 to 36 on the top cover of the camera, aligned with the shutter cocking|
|Film rewind||Rewind knob on top cover|
FED-NKVD is a very beautiful, expensive vintage camera. Very similar to the German parent, but less common than her lineup. Worthy of both use and collection. You can read about the types of FED cameras in the catalog "1200 cameras of the USSR":
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