Soviet and foreign cameras with examples of photos

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Camera (from Greek: φωτός - light + from Latin: apparatus - preparation, device) = photographic apparatus: an optical system designed to obtain static images of objects being photographed on a photosensitive layer of photographic film, photographic plate or other photographic material, as well as on light-sensitive elements of various electronic devices (see, for example: matrix).

Foreign cameras

Canon digital

  1. Canon (manufacturer)
  2. About Magic Lantern for Canon in Russian
  3. EOS-R3
  4. EOS5DS(R)
  5. EOS-1Ds
  6. EOS 6D
  7. EOS 7D
  8. EOS 7D Mark II
  9. EOS 70D
  10. EOS 60D
  11. EOS 600D
  12. EOS 550D
  13. EOS 500D
  14. EOS 400D
  15. EOS 300D
  16. EOS 1000D
  17. EOS 1100D
  18. EOS 1300D
  19. EOS 4000D

Canon film

  1. EOS-1N
  2. EOS-620
  3. EOS Kiss (500)
  4. EOS New Kiss (500N)
  5. EOS Kiss III (300)
  6. EOS 1000QD (1000F)
  7. EOS 5000QD
  8. EOS 10QD (10S)
  9. EOS-5
  10. EOS-700
  11. EOS 750QD
  12. EOS 30/33/Elan 7
  13. EOS-30
  14. EOS-300
  15. EOS 300v
  16. EOS 3000v
  17. EOS 3000N
  18. Autoboy 120
  19. canon f1
  20. canon ftb
  21. Canon prima BF-800
  22. Canon prima super 115u
  23. canon prima zoom 85N
  24. Canon AV-1 (1979)
  25. Canon AL-1
  26. Canon EX
  27. Canon FX
  28. Canon Flex R2000
  29. Canon FlexRP
  30. Canon Flex RM
  31. Canon Flex
  32. Canonet Junior
  33. Canon Demi
  34. canonet
  35. Canon 7
  36. Canon P
  37. Canon VI L
  38. Canon VI T
  39. Canon VL2
  40. Canon VL
  41. Canon L3
  42. Canon L1
  43. Canon VT Deluxe
  44. Canon L2
  45. Canon VT
  46. Canon II F2
  47. Canon II D2
  48. Canon II S2
  49. Canon II Sb2
  50. Canon II S
  51. Canon II F
  52. Canon II AX
  53. Canon II AF
  54. Canon IV Sb
  55. Canon IID
  56. Canon II A
  57. Canon IV S
  58. Canon IIIA
  59. Canon IV
  60. Canon III
  61. Canon IIC
  62. Canon IIB
  63. Canon S II
  64. Canon SI
  65. Canon S for Japanese Navy (WWII)
  66. Canon JII
  67. Canon JS
  68. Canon NS
  69. Canon J
  70. Canon S
  71. Hansa Canon
  72. kwanon






  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Contax d
  3. Contax E
  4. Contax F
  5. Contax S
  6. Contica
  7. Super d
  8. Console
  9. Hexacon
  10. Astra 35FX
  11. Corbina
  12. Rival Reflex 35 MX

Leica AG








  1. Hanimex (reseller)
  2. Hanimex Praktica LTL
  3. Hanimex Praktica Super TL
  4. Hanimex Praktica NOVA IB
  5. Hanimex Praktica LB
  6. Hanimex Praktica L
  7. Hanimex Pro L
  8. Hanimex Pro TL
  9. Hanimex Praktica TL
  10. Hanimex Praktica NOVA I
  11. Hanimex Praktica mat
  12. Hanimex Praktica 66


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Kamera Werk (manufacturer)
  3. Praktina cameras
  4. Praktina FX cameras
  5. Praktina FX - first generation
  6. Praktina FX - second generation
  7. Praktina FX - third generation
  8. Praktina FX - fourth generation
  9. Praktina FX - fifth generation
  10. Praktina IIA - sixth generation
  11. Practina IIA - seventh generation
  12. Practina after 1960
  13. Corbina, Hexacon Supreme, Porst reflex, Texographie T2
  16. Texographie T2
  17. Practice N, prototype
  18. Pentacon Super - heir to Praktina
  19. Prices for Practina
  20. Booklets


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Kamera Werk (manufacturer)
  3. Praktiflex camera review (2 generation 15 model)
  4. Praktiflex Camera Series
  5. Praktiflex 3 A
  6. Praktiflex 3B
  7. Praktiflex 4
  8. Praktiflex 5b
  9. Praktiflex 5 brown finish
  10. Praktiflex 6 gray-black with shoe
  11. Praktiflex 8
  12. Praktiflex 8 military
  13. Praktiflex 9
  14. Praktiflex 10 black
  15. Praktiflex 12
  16. Praktiflex 15
  17. Praktiflex 15 chrome
  18. Praktiflex 15 with flash
  19. Praktiflex 16
  20. Praktiflex 16 24 × 28


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Practisix Camera Series
  3. Praktisix
  4. Practice II


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Kamera Werk (manufacturer)
  3. Praktica Camera Series
  4. Praktica MTL 5B
  5. Praktica LTL 3
  6. Praktica LTL
  7. Praktica L
  8. Praktica FX2
  9. Practice I
  10. Praktica vlc
  11. Praktica Super TL
  12. Praktica 140AF ZOOM


  1. Pentacon (manufacturer)
  2. Pentacon super
  3. Pentacon six tl
  4. Pentacon f
  5. Pentacon FM
  6. Pentacon FB
  7. Pentacon FBM
  8. Pentacon e
  9. Pentacon (Contax D)













Zeiss Icon

Cameras of the USSR

The smallest Soviet camera - Vega-2 and Kiev-30. 

Camera families

By model

















Sokol (Falcon)

Satellite (Sputnik)






By manufacturer and family

Photographic equipment of enterprises of the Russian industrial group

Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant

Family "Sharp"
Group of models without sync contact
Group of models with sync contact
Family "Sharp-automatic"
Family "Moscow"
  • Moscow-1
  • Moscow-2
  • Moscow-2A
  • Moscow-3
  • Moscow-4
  • Moscow-5
Family "Horizon"
Group of models "Horizon"

The Iskra family

Family "Zenith"
Zenit-E-KMZ family
Zenit-19 family
Zenit-TTL family
Family of KMZ soap dishes
Family "Start"
Family "Photosniper"

Leningrad State Optical Mechanical Plant (GOMZ)

Family "Photocor"
  • Photocor
Family "Amateur"
Family "Sputnik"
Family "Smena-GOMZ"
The first group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The second group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The fourth group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The fifth group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The sixth group of the Smena-GOMZ family
The eighth group of the Smena-GOMZ family
Family "Falcon"
Family "LOMO-135"
Family "Compact-Avtomat"

Photographic equipment of enterprises of the Ukrainian industrial group

Kharkov plant "FED"

Group of models of the family "FED"
without exposure meter
Group of models of the "FED" family with an exposure meter
FED-Mikron family
FED-Atlas family
  • FED-Atlas (FED-11)

Kiev plant "Arsenal"

Group of models of the "Kiev" family without exposure meter
Group of models of the family "Kiev" with an exposure meter
Family "Vega"
Family "Kiev-machine"
Family "Kiev-17"
Family "Kiev-6S"

Photographic equipment of enterprises of the Belarusian industrial group

Minsk Mechanical Plant (MMZ)

Family "Smena-MMZ"

Family "Seagull"

Family "Viliya"

Family "Elikon"

Vileika group of the "Elikon" family

Model line "Elikon-35"

Minsk group of the "Elikon" family

"Relay-Pennant" project

Family "Agate"

Scientific Research Technological Institute of Optical Instrumentation in Minsk (NITIOP)

Vileika Mechanical Plant "Zenith"

Vileika family "Zenith"

Group of models with built-in exposure meter
Group of semi-automatic cameras



Photography Courses:

Briefly about cameras

  • A CAMERA is a device for making photographs, the basis of which is a light-tight housing containing a photographic film. When gate opens (usually for a short time), the light from the outside is focused by a lens system on the film. The amount of light falling on the film is controlled by the speed of movement shutter and opening diameter lens, which can also be adjusted with the adjustable IRIS. Most cameras also have a rangefinder, which allows you to focus the image at a given distance to the subject, and a built-in exposure meter, which allows you to determine the correct combination of response speed. shutter and the opening of the aperture in the available lighting. In cameras connected to a computer, these functions (selection of the optimal combination of shutter speed and aperture opening) are automated. Recently, digital cameras have appeared in which a memory device “records” a photograph, after which it can be entered into a computer and printed.
  • A digital camera takes photographs like a regular camera, but records an image on an internal storage device or on a card, so that it can be easily entered into a computer, where it is processed, if necessary, and then printed. Instead of a film, a chip card with flash memory is inserted into the camera. Light striking the silicon atoms on the surface of the card knocks out electrons, which are attracted to the positive electrode. Periodically, the level of electron charge is measured in vertical columns and horizontal lines, from which the image is composed, and the pixels of the residual charge are removed.
  • By its purpose cameras are subdivided into general purpose (or universal) and special.
    The former are often very conditionally and indistinctly divided into "amateur" and so-called. "Professional" and are used for portrait, group, landscape photography, etc.
  • Special cameras intended for photographic work - aerial photography, micro photography, photo-recording, etc. and for obtaining special types of photographs - panoramic, stereoscopic and others. Or they have special devices, for example: a butt, which makes it more convenient to take pictures of wild animals (photo hunting), etc.
  • Cameras are divided according to the format of the resulting image (medium format, small format, etc.), according to the method of aiming and focusing (scale, rangefinder, mirror, etc.), according to the photographic material or photodetector used (film, plate, with in-camera processing, digital and etc.).