Zenit-KM is a small-format single-lens reflex camera with a built-in electric drive and an electronic digital control system. The last film camera brand "Zenith".

Produced by JSC "Krasnogorsk plant named after. S. A. Zvereva (KMZ), mass-produced from 2001 to 2005. A total of 15.097 cameras were produced.

Zenit KM 2

TECH SPECS

  • The type of photographic material used is film type 135.
  • Frame size 24×36 mm.
  • The case is plastic with an opening back wall.
  • Shutter cocking, film rewinding and rewinding - only with the built-in motor drive.
  • Power supply - four AA elements.
  • Information about film rewinding is displayed on the electronic display (on the top panel of the camera).
  • The power supply control and the electronic self-timer operation mode are displayed.
  • Photographic shutter focal with electronic control. In automatic mode, shutter speeds are worked out from 1/2000 to 16 seconds, in semi-automatic (manual) - from 1/2000 to 1 second.
  • Mirror viewfinder, focusing screen with Fresnel lens, frosted ring, microraster and Doden wedges. In the field of view of the viewfinder, there is an LED indication of the approximately worked out shutter speed in automatic mode, as well as the correctly set exposure in semi-automatic mode.
  • Lens mount - K mount.
  • Working length - 45,5 mm.
  • Standard lens - "MC Zenitar-K-2" 2/50.
  • Light filters fastening - M46 × 0,75 thread.
  • Tripod socket with 1/4" thread.
  • Electronic self timer.

The Zenit-KM camera is equipped with an exposure meter with behind-the-objective light measurement. Enter film speed using DX code. ISO values ​​- 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200 units. GOST (ASA). When using a cassette without a DX code, ISO is set to 100 units. GOST (ASA).

Zenit KM 1

The camera's mode dial allows you to manually set the shutter speed from 1/2000 to 1 second. When the shutter button is pressed, the optimal aperture is selected by the photographer by the glow of the LEDs (in the field of view of the viewfinder). The glow of the upper or lower LED in red means there is a lot of light - there is little light, the glow of the middle LED in green means normal exposure.

Zenit KM 10

Dial position "B" - exposure by hand.
When shooting with a flash (with center sync contact), 1/125 second (sync speed) is set.

Zenit KM 8

When the mode dial of the camera is set to position “A”, the shutter speed is automatically set in the range from 1/2000 to 16 seconds.

A blinking green LED indicates a shutter speed between 1/30 and 16 s. It is recommended to use a tripod.
Glow green LED - shutter speed between 1/30 and 1/2000 s.

Zenit KM 9

If the upper or lower red LED flashes (overexposure or underexposure) while the green LED is lit, you need to decrease or increase the aperture value accordingly.
Electronic self-timer with a delay time of 15 seconds.
When shooting with self-timer in automatic mode, instead of a removable eyecup, the viewfinder eyepiece cap should be installed (to prevent extraneous illumination of the exposure meter).
When photographing with a constant press on the shutter release button, continuous shooting occurs (about 2 frames / s in the shutter speed range from 1/30 to 1/2000 s).
The camera uses a variant of the K mount similar to the original Pentax K mount without a side lock. It can only be used with a retaining spring adapter.

Zenit KM

With the exception of differences in the method of fixation, all these types of mount have no other fundamental differences that affect compatibility with interchangeable lenses.

The original adapter manufactured by Pentax or its copy (for example, manufactured by LOMO) can be easily used on Zenit cameras with a mount without a lock (such was the Zenit-Avtomat of the first years of production) and on Zenit-KM. Using it on cameras with a bayonet mount that has a locking unit is very difficult due to the fact that the adapter spring interferes with the latch tab, preventing the adapter from being freely put on and removed from the camera.

Zenit KM

In the summer of 2004, the name "Zenith-KM" with a corrected design to distinguish it from the somewhat "tarnished" reputation of previous parties, it was decided to replace it with "Zenit-KM-plus" (ZENIT-KM-plus). Cameras with this marking were first presented in the fall at the Photokina-2004 exhibition.

In 2005, the production of SLR film cameras at KMZ, and in particular Zenit-KM-plus, was discontinued in accordance with the decision of the Board of Directors of the enterprise dated November 24, 2004.

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