Jupiter is a family of Zonnar-type anastigmata photographic lenses produced in the USSR since 1948. Most of the "Jupiters" are designed for small format cameras, but the same name is also given to some cinema lenses, as well as optics for special types of equipment.

Historical information

Lenses "Jupiter" appeared in the USSR after the end of the war, when design documentation, stocks of raw materials and production equipment for the manufacture of German photographic equipment were received at the expense of reparations. After 1945, all German patents were revoked by the countries of the Anti-Hitler coalition, and free copying of pre-war developments was allowed. The first "Jupiters" became the Soviet versions of the lenses of the series Zeiss Sonnar.

Jupiter

However, they are not literal copies, since the original Zonnars require certain types of optical glass that were not produced in the Soviet Union. Therefore, from July 1947 to April 1949 under the direction of optician Mikhail Maltsev 4 lens "Zonnar" were re-calculated at GOI for the range of glasses available in the USSR. Nevertheless, until 1954, some of them were produced at KMZ from exported stocks of German glass under the name "Jupiter". First of all, they copied the interchangeable lenses developed by Ludwig Bertele back in 1932 for Contax cameras: Zeiss Sonnar 50 / 1,5; Zeiss Sonnar 50 / 2,0 and Zeiss Sonnar 85 / 2,0. They were intended for a Soviet copy of the same cameras, the production of which was launched at the Kiev plant "Arsenal" under the name "Kiev".

At the same time, in December 1947, the Zeiss Sonnar 180 / 2,8 fast telephoto lens was recalculated for Soviet glass, intended for a combination of a rangefinder camera with a reflex attachment. Later, it was released with the marking "Jupiter-6" for the newly appeared "Zenith". The successful launch of mass production of Soviet copies of the Zonnars made it possible to soon begin their own development based on this concept. So there were lenses created for the first SLR cameras, and 16-mm movie cameras. Due to the peculiarities of the optical principle laid down by Bertele, most of the "Jupiters" were telephoto lenses with high aperture. At the time of the appearance of Jupiter-3, it was the fastest normal lens in the USSR.

Jupiter lens series

The exact values ​​of the focal lengths do not always coincide with the rounded numbers indicated on the frame and are given from the catalog of the lens developer GOI im. Vavilov.

Lenses "Jupiter"

 
Model Joining Focal length Aperture Corner field
Jupiter 3 Kiev-Contax, М39 × 1 52,54 mm ƒ / 1,5 45°
Jupiter-4M Kiev-Contax 50 mm ƒ / 2,0
Jupiter 6 M39 × 1, M42 × 1 180,29 mm ƒ / 2,8 14°
Jupiter 8 Kiev-Contax, М39 × 1 52,4 mm ƒ / 2,0 45°
Jupiter 9 М39 × 1, М42 × 1, Kiev-Contax, Kiev-Avtomat 84,46 mm ƒ / 2,0 28 ° 50'
Jupiter 10 17 mm ƒ / 1,8 45°
Jupiter 11 М39 × 1, М42 × 1, Kiev-Contax, Kiev-Avtomat 133,12 mm ƒ / 4,0 18 ° 30'
Jupiter 12 М39 × 1, Kiev-Contax 35,7 mm ƒ / 2,8 63°
Jupiter 13 125 mm ƒ / 1,5
Jupiter 14 19 mm ƒ / 1,8 45°
Jupiter 16 50 mm ƒ / 2,0 41°
Jupiter 17 M39 × 1, M24 × 1 52,49 mm ƒ / 2,0 45 / 27 °
Jupiter 18 19 mm ƒ / 1,8 42°
Jupiter 21 M39 × 1, M42 × 1 200 mm ƒ / 4,0 12°
Jupiter 22 75 mm ƒ / 2,0 35°
Jupiter 23 M39 × 1 85 mm ƒ / 2,5 28°
Jupiter 24 8mm film strip 12,2 mm ƒ / 1,9 32 ° 30'
Jupiter-25C Bayonet C 85 mm ƒ / 2,5 28°
Jupiter 29 74,88 mm ƒ / 1,8 10°
Jupiter 30 M39 × 1 85 mm ƒ / 2,0 28°
Jupiter 36 Bayonet B, Bayonet B 250 mm ƒ / 3,5 19°
Jupiter 37 M42 × 1, bayonet K 135 mm ƒ / 3,5 18°
Jupiter 38 M42 × 1 75 mm ƒ / 4,0 35°
Jupiter 39 M42 × 1 135 mm ƒ / 5,6 18°
Jupiter 100 OST-19 100 mm ƒ / 2,5 24°
Jupiter 200 OST-19 200 mm ƒ / 4,0 12°

Using lenses "Jupiter" on modern cameras

To work on digital SLRs, you need an adapter with lens into the connector on the camera. The easiest way is to install Jupiter with M42x1 thread on Canon EF (-s). Jupiter with M39 thread for rangefinder cameras will only fit on mirrorless cameras without alterations. By ordering things from the links below, you help the project cover the costs of site maintenance and development. List of adapters, systems and bayonets (direct links for ordering)

When ordering, it should be borne in mind that cheap adapters of poor quality with a lens on the Nikon F mount significantly spoil the picture. Adapters without a lens reduce the maximum focusing range (due to the difference in focal lengths). Adapters with chips come across poor quality, exposure metering and confirmation of focus on some models of cameras may suffer from this.

JUPITER lenses with examples of photos

  1. Jupiter lens series
  2. Jupiter 3(rangefinder)
  3. Jupiter 6
  4. Jupiter-8 2/50 m39 #5949556, mirrorless
  5. Jupiter-8 2/50 m39 #5949556, mirrorless
  6. Jupiter-8 2 \ 50 m39 black
  7. Jupiter-9 2 \ 50 m39 brass(rangefinder)
  8. Jupiter-9 2 \ 85 black mirror
  9. Jupiter-9 2 \ 85 white mirror
  10. Jupiter-11 4 \ 135
  11. Jupiter-11A
  12. Jupiter-12 from Kiev (Contax-RF)
  13. Jupiter-21M M42 200mm f / 4
  14. Jupiter-37A M42 135mm f / 3.5
  15. Jupiter-36V

Add a comment

Your email address will not be published.