Volna - family photographic lenses anastigmats for single-lens reflex cameras developed at the GOI im. Vavilov in the mid-1970s. Almost all lenses in the line are normal and have a high aperture ratio. Produced at LOMO and the Arsenal plant, and under the name Zenitar were included in the production program of the KMZ named after. Zverev for a complete set of "Zenith".

Technical features

All Volna lenses were produced with multilayer achromatic coating and by the end of the 1980s were considered among the best in the USSR. The optical device, like most foreign normal lenses of those years, is based on the principles of the complicated German Zeiss Planar of the "double Gauss" type. The difference lens "Wave" 1,8 / 50 is contained in the second lens, which, instead of a glued doublet, is a combination of negative and weak positive menisci, separated by an air gap.

As for most of the most famous foreign analogues, the development was based on the Ultron lens, calculated by the German optician Albrecht Tronier (German. Albrecht wilhelm tronnier) for Schneider Kreuznach in 1937. In higher aperture lenses ("Volna-4" 1,4 / 50), the rear component is subject to complication according to the principle of the German Zeiss Xenon by Horace Lee (eng. Horace william lee). Most of the Volna lenses were intended for small-format equipment, and only Volna-3 and Volna-5 were designed as standard lenses for the medium-format Kiev-88 and Avtolikon-645, respectively.

Lenses "Volna"
Model Connection Focal length Aperture Corner field
MC Volna (Volna-1, Zenitar) Bayonet K 52 mm ƒ / 1,8 45°
MS Volna-3 Bayonet B, Bayonet B 80 mm ƒ / 2,8
MS Volna-4 Mount K, Mount F 52,38 mm ƒ / 1,4 44°
MS Volna-5 70 mm ƒ / 2,8
MS Volna-8N Mount F 52,12 mm ƒ / 1,2 45°
MC Volna-9 Macro М42 × 1, Bayonet K 50 mm ƒ / 2,8 46°
MC Volna-10K Bayonet K 35 mm ƒ / 1,8 64°
MC Volna-12K Bayonet K 35 mm ƒ / 2,8 65°
MS Volna-14 Bayonet B, Bayonet B 75 mm ƒ / 2,8
Volna-17T 50 mm ƒ / 2,0

The MC Volna-9 Macro lens was the only Soviet specialized macro lens capable of replacing extension rings up to 1: 2 scale. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that the calculation is performed not for "infinity", but for a finite distance, providing maximum sharpness when shooting close objects. This is achieved through the use of "floating" elements, when focusing moving inside lens instead of the entire lens unit.


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