The first lens produced by the plant - Industar-23 4,5 / 110 (assembled according to the optical scheme of the world famous Tessara, mounted in the central gatee "Moment-1"), intended for installation on the first cameras of the "Moscow" type. This lens turned out to be successful, its optical assembly in a magnifier frame is still available on the market today. "Industar-24" 3,5 / 105, which was equipped with the "Moscow-5" camera, received much less popularity. A small batch of these telephoto lenses was also produced for small-format Zenit-type DSLRs. The lens for wide-format cameras "Industar-58" 3,5 / 75 turned out to be a good development. The owners of Iskra camera models praise the quality of this lens... The next one was Industar-77 5,6 / 120 for the Foton one-step process camera, which, unfortunately, never appeared on the market.

With the release of the Zorky camera, serial production of the first Jupiter-8 2/52 and Industar-22 3,5 / 52 lenses began, their optical schemes are similar to those of the German Zonnar and Tessar lenses. In photographic reference books of the late 40-50s. You can find the original name of this series of lenses ("ZK"), which later received the name "Jupiter". "Wide-angle" "Jupiter-12" 2,8 / 35 began its life under the name "BK-35". Jupiter 9 2/85 and Jupiter 11 4/135. They used the optical design of the Zonnar lenses for the Kontax camera.

The lenses of the Jupiter series were designed in a frame with a threaded connection for the Zorky M39x1 and a focal length of 28 mm and proved to be long-livers. "Jupiter-8" and "Jupiter-9" are produced in small quantities even today.

In the late 50s. the standard Industar-22 lens, which was equipped not only with the Zorky cameras, but also the first Zenits, was replaced by the Industar-50 3,5 / 52. Outwardly, it did not differ from its predecessor, but the recalculated optical design provided a significant increase in its optical characteristics, which made it possible to obtain sharper and more contrasting negatives.

The manufacturability of the assembly of optical elements, the simplicity of the frame, and, consequently, the low cost ensured Industar-50 a long life. It should be added that "Industar-50" in frames for "DSLRs" went to the complete set of "Zenith" cameras of various modifications literally until recently. Another lens for rangefinder cameras was the Mercury-1 2/52 for the Comet camera, which was noted at the Brussels World Exhibition in 1958. However, the Mercury-1 did not go into industrial production, although it had high optical characteristics.

The excellent five-lens Vega-3 2,8 / 50 lens, which had almost record optical performance by that time, became standard. The presence of a central shutter in these cameras made it possible to obtain negatives of excellent sharpness. For the first time in the country, a 8-lens variable focal length lens Rubin-14Ts 1 / 2,8-37 was developed for the Zenit-80 camera. A small batch of "wide-angle" "Mir-1Ts" 2,8 / 37, "televik" "Tair-38Ts" 4/135 and "Jupiter-25Ts" 2,8 / 85 for portrait photography were produced as replaceable ones.

Automatic cameras "Zorky-10", "Zorky-11" were equipped with a specially designed for them "Industar-63" 2,8 / 45 lens, and the semi-format "Zorky-12" - an excellent "Helios-98" 2,8 / 28 lens ...

The release of the first Zenit SLR camera at the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant raised the question of developing interchangeable lenses for it as well. At first, Zenit was produced with an Industar-22 lens, which with a shortened frame was used with a 45,2mm flange focal distance. Then "Zenith" began to be equipped with a high-aperture lens "Helios-44" 2/58, designed according to an optical scheme similar to the German lens "Biotar" 2/58 for SLR cameras "Ekzakta" and "Praktika". Helios-44 has gone through a number of modifications and is currently being produced for Zenit-ET, Zenit-12SD, Zenit-122, Zenit-Avtomat, Zenit-Am and Zenit- Am-2 ".

With the transition of SLR cameras to the M42x1 connecting thread with a working distance of 45,5 mm, which corresponded to the threaded connection widespread in the world, the lens began to be produced with these new parameters and, like all other lenses, received an additional index "2" in the name - "Helios- 44-2 ". The first attempt to introduce a jumping aperture mechanism into the lens was made for the Start-2 camera, but this lens did not go into production. In the lens "Helios-44-1" for "Zenith-7", not the design perfection of the mechanism of the jumping diaphragm forced it to be radically reworked. Therefore, cameras of the Zenit-EM type and other subsequent modifications, which have mechanisms of a jumping or pressure diaphragm, received a new lens "Helios-44M".

This type lens has a switch for aperture control from the camera mechanism - "A" and manual - "M". All interchangeable and standard lenses, which have the designation “M” after their name, are equipped with a jumping (more correctly - blinking) aperture mechanism. Photographic equipment manufacturers in Japan back in the late 60s. mastered the production of lenses with multilayer coating, which significantly improved the image quality by increasing the light transmittance, color clarity and contrast, as well as reducing light scattering. An indication of the presence of multilayer enlightenment is the abbreviation MC (from the English MultyCoating), which has become widespread among most foreign companies, which is usually placed before the name lens... The first lenses with multilayer coating KMZ began to produce only in the early 80s. (MS "Helios-44M-4").

There are conflicting judgments about the quality of "Helios" -type lenses - some samples provide mediocre image quality, while others provide excellent, which indicates that the optical design of "Helios" has not fully exhausted its capabilities. This confirms the release lens MC "Helios-44M-6" with increased optical characteristics (resolution according to TU is not less than 45mm-1 in the center of the field, not less than 25mm-1 at the edges of the field). At present, the serial production of the "Helios-44M-7" MC has been started with a resolution according to TU in the center of the field not less than 50 mm-1, and at the edges of the field not less than 30 mm-1.

Let's go back to the review of the lens line for Zenits. Along with Helios-44, the Mir-1 2,8 / 37 wide-angle was developed, which was awarded the Gold Medal at the Brussels World Exhibition in 1958. The lens gave excellent image quality, which won universal recognition. It was produced at KMZ for several years, its production was transferred to other enterprises, currently under the name "Mir-1V" it is produced by the PA "Vologda Optical and Mechanical Plant". The KMZ mastered the production of lenses for portrait photography: "Jupiter-9" 2/85 and "Helios-40" 1,5 / 85, which are still in constant demand. At present, the production of Jupiter-9 2/85 has been transferred to PA Rubin, and Helios-40-2 1,5 / 85 is still in production.

For some time, the televics developed at the plant were produced: Jupiter-11 4/135, Tair-11 2,8 / 135, Jupiter-6 2,8 / 180, Jupiter-21 4/200, "Telemar-22" 5,6 / 200, "Tair-3" 4,5 / 300, "MTO-500", "MTO-1000" with a connecting thread М39х1 and a working distance of 45,2 mm. Since the beginning of the 70s, when all "SLRs" switched to the M42x1 threaded attachment and the 45 mm flange distance, on some lenses the frame design was changed, it became possible to use a replaceable adapter (shank) for attaching lens to different cameras. These lenses received the index “A” in the name: “Vega-13A” 2,8 / 100, “Tair-11A” 2, 8/135, “Jupiter-21 A” 4/200, “Telemar-22A” 5,6 / 200, Mir-10A 3,5 / 28. The production of Mir-1, Jupiter-9, Jupiter-11, Tair-3, MTO-500 and MTO-1000 lenses was transferred to other enterprises. Lenses with a jumping aperture mechanism have been mastered.

Industar-61M 2,8 / 52, Helios-97M 2/50, Era-6M 1,5 / 50 with high optical characteristics were developed as standard ones (see table). Small batches of them went on sale, but did not go into mass production. Unfortunately, the same fate befell the good lenses Vega-13A 2,8 / 100 and Vega-13M 2,8 / 100.
In the late 70s. for the new family of DSLRs, which was initiated by Zenit-19, a standard Zenitar-M 1,7 / 50 lens was developed. With the device for electrical transmission of the aperture values ​​to the EI of the camera under the name MS Zenitar ME-1 1,7 / 50, it was produced for a short time for the Zenit-18 camera. Mir-20M 3,5 / 20 wide-angle lenses were developed and put on sale in small series (in a modernized frame, with multilayer coating under the name Mir-20M 3,5 / 20 MC, it is still being produced), Mir-24M "2/35 (" SF ", 1986,? 9). Objectives such as MS Zodiac-2M-2 3,5 / 15 of the fisheye type, Mir-10M 3,5 / 28, MS Telezenitar-M 2,8 / 135 ( not to be confused with MC APO "Telezenitar M" 2,8 / 135), MC "Telezenitar-M" 4,5 / 300.

These lenses were demonstrated at various exhibitions and fairs, were listed in product catalogs, were awarded with VDNKh medals, but never appeared on the shelves. In 1990, a new standard MS “Helios-77M-4” 1,8 / 50 lens made by “Vologda OMZ” PA for the design development of the KMZ went on sale. It differs from the usual "Helios-44M-4" in a slightly larger relative aperture and angular field of view and smaller dimensions. Enhanced resolution lens it does not give a noticeable advantage over its predecessor.

Last year, a new six-element MS Zenitar-M 1,9 / 52 lens with high optical characteristics appeared. It goes on sale as an interchangeable lens, it is assumed that in the future some Zenits will be equipped with it. Since 1986, Zenit-Avtomat, the first camera with a K-type bayonet connection and a 45,5 mm flange distance, has been on sale. This attachment, developed by the Japanese firm Asahi Pentax for a new generation of cameras, has become widespread.

Now it is possible to use all lenses with M42x1 thread and 45,5 mm flange distance through the adapter ring. Connection type "K" is equipped with equipment "Rico", "Chinon", "Kosina", "Vivitar", "Ekzakta". At present, with attachment “K”, there are “Zenit-Avtomat”, “Zenit-Am”, “Zenit-Am-2” on sale complete with the standard lens MC “Helios-44K-4” 2/58. Interchangeable lenses for this type of camera had to wait until 1990. The first lens to head the future line of K-mount lenses was the Zenitar-K 2,8 / 16 fisheye lens. In the future, all lenses for Zenit cameras will be called Zenitar, Variozenitar, and Telezenitar. To expand your creativity lens Fisheye, the plant has released a set of 10 filters for special effects in art photography, which went on sale.

Available for sale MC "Variozenitar-K" 2,8-3,5 / 25-45, which filled the places of "wide-angle" in the line of lenses of the "K" type. According to the optical scheme, the Mira-64 is being prepared for production of the Zenitar-K 2,8 / 20 MC, which may replace the Mir-20M 3,5 / 20 MC. The development of the super-fast "wide-angle" MS "Mir-46K" 1,4 / 35 did not go into mass production.

The optical scheme "Gelionar" is implemented in the lens MS "Zenitar-1K" 1,4 / 85, a small batch of which was already on sale. The development of a high-aperture normal lens MS "Zenitar-K2" 1,4 / 50 according to a new optical scheme is nearing completion. An interesting development is the telephoto lens MS APO "Telezenitar-K" 4,5 / 300, which has not only record optical characteristics, but also dimensions (its length does not even reach 150 mm). In the elements of the optical scheme, special types of glass are used in optical performance close to fluorite.

The focusing of the lens is carried out not only by moving the optical unit, but also by moving the internal components of the optical circuit, which made it possible to create a small-sized design. It is planned to develop frame designs with connection "K" for a high-quality lens MS APO "Telezenitar-K" 2,8 / 135, which is produced with a threaded connection. Preparing for production of MC "Variozenitar-K" 4 / 70-210, small-size MC "Variozenitar-K" 3,5-4,5 / 35-105 and MC "Variozenitar-K" 3,2-4,5 / 35- 70.

Of course, these are interesting novelties, and they will be a separate conversation. It is impossible to talk about all the developments that were carried out at the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant in the volume of a journal article, much has remained outside the scope of the material presented. In conclusion, I would like to wish the workers of the plant that new developments do not gather dust at the stands of numerous exhibitions, quickly move to store shelves, and from there to numerous photography lovers.

Lenses manufactured by the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant, manufactured since 1946

(Length lens indicated from the plane of its connection to the camera to the front end).

  1. Lenses for SLR cameras such as "Zenith", "Zenit-S", "Zenit-3", "Zenit-ZM", "Start", "Crystal" with a connecting thread М39 х 1 and a working distance of 45,2 mm
lens Rel.Rep. | / focal length Vision angle Number of lenses and components Middle Focus limit Set of light transmission Color formula Resolution: Center / Edge Filter thread Frame diameter Length Weight
World 1 2,8/37 60 6/5 0,7 0,78 15-0-0 45/23 M49x0,5 59 49 0.21
Industar-22 3,5/62 45 4/3 0,65 0.80 7-0-0 35/20 MZZH0.5 50 21 0.11
Industar-50 3,5/52 45 4/3 0,65 0,80 7-0-0 38/22 M5xO.XNUMX 50 21 0,1
Helios-44 2/58 40 6/4 0.5 0,81 10-0-1.5 35/14 M49X0.5 60 47 0,26
Helios-44 2/68 40 6/4 0,7 0,81 10-0-1,5 35/14 M40.5X0.5 57 48 0,23
Produced for the "Start" camera with bayonet connection
Vega 1 2,8/50 45 5/4 0,9 0,84 11-0-1 35/20 M40,5x0,5 58 47 0,18
Helios-40 1,5/85 28 6/4 0,8 0,75 12-0-3 32/16 M66X0.75 82 85 1,1
Jupiter 9 2/85 29 7/3 0,8 0.70 30/18 M49X0.5 68 60 0.42
Industar-24M 3,5/105 23 4/3 0,8 0.80 28/14 M40.5X0.5 60 89 0,31
Tair-11 2,8/135 18 4/3 1.5 0,80 11-0-3 28/18 M49X0.5 68 133 0,59
Jupiter 6 2,8/180 14 5/3 2 0,80 35/16 M77X0.75 90 123 1,5
Jupiter 21 4/200 12 4/3 2,5 0.82 10-0-1.5 40/30 M56X0.5 63 154 0,7
Telemar-22 5,6/200 12 4/3 2,5 0,85 12-0-1 40/25 M49X0.5 63 122 0.375
Tair-ZFS 4,5/300 8 3/3 3 0.80 10-0-0 36/30 M72x1 85 255 1.55
Produced for a photo shotgun based on the Zenit-EU camera
MTO-500 8/500 5 5/3 4 0,58 28/20 M77X0.75 107 164 1,5
MTO-1000 10/1000 2,5 5/3 10 0,58 28/16 M120X1 152 234 3,5
  1. Lenses for SLR cameras such as "Zenit-E", "B", "EM", "EV", "Zenit-7", "Zenit-16", "Zeit-TTL", "Zenit-10", "11" , "ЕТ", "12СD", "Zenit-19", "18", "Zenit-122" with a connecting thread М42х1 and a working distance of 45,5 mm
lens Ratio | / focal length Vision angle Number of lenses and components Middle Focus limit Set of light transmission Color formula Resolution: Center / Edge Filter thread Frame diameter Length Weight
MS "Zodiac-2M-2" 3,5/15 180 9/5 0,2 0,85 48/18 M28X0.5 103 90 0,75
Produced by special orders
Mir-20M 3,5/20 96 9/8 0,18 0,75 11-0-2 50/20 M28x0.75 92 68 0,47
MS "Mir-20M" 3.5/20 96 9/8 0,18 0,90 11-0-0 50/20 M28X0.75 78 55 0,39
Mir-10A 3,5/28 75 8/7 0,2 0,74 15-0-2 42/20 M67X0.75 70 76 0,52
Mir-10M 3.5/28 75 8/7 0,25 0,74 15-0-2 42/20 M67x0,75 72 74 0,5
Development. Not serially produced
MS "Mir-24M" 2/35 66 8/7 0,3 0.90 11-0-0 40/21 M58X0.75 64 62 0,35
Development. Not serially produced
MS "Mir-47M" 2,5/20 96 9/8 0,25 0,80 11-0-0 60/17 M30,5x0,5 84 63 0,35
Development. Not serially produced
Industar-50-2 3,5/50 45 4/3 0,65 0,80 7-0-0 38/22 35,5x0,5 50 28 0.126
Industar-61M 2,8/50 46 4/3 0,45 0.80 11-0-1,5 45/30 M52x0,75 60 58 0,26
Development. Not serially produced
Helios-97M 2/52 45 6/5 0,45 0.81 13-0-1,5 48/27 M52x0,75 62 46 0,3
Development. Not serially produced
Era-6M 1,6/50 45 7/5 0,5 0,83 12-0-2 45/22 M58x0,75 70 66 0,37
Zenitar-M 1,7/50 46 6/4 0,45 0.82 11-0-0 43/24 M52X0.75 65 42 0.34
MS "Zenitar-ME-1" 1,7/50 46 6/4 0,45 0,90 11-0-0 43/24 M52x0,75 65 42 0,33
MS "Helios-77M-4" 1,8/52 44 6/4 0,45 0,90 11-0-0 45/25 M52X0.75 64 41 0,25
MS "Zenitar-M" 1.8/52 45 6/4 0,45 0,90 11-0-0 48/30 M52x0,75 64 42 0.24
Helios-44-2 2/68 40,5 6/4 0,5 0,82 10-0-1,5 38/20 M49X0.75 60 47 0,23
Helios-44-1 2/68 40 6/4 0,5 0,80 10-0-1,5 36/17 M49X0.5 62 59 0,35
Helios-44M 2/58 40 6/4 0,5 0,80 10-0-1,5 38/19 M52 × 0,75 65 44 0,3
Helios-44M-4 2/58 40 6/4 0,5 0,80 10-0-1,5 38/19 M52 × 0,75 65 42 0.3
MS "Helios-44M-4" 2/58 40 6/4 0,5 0,85 11-0-0 41/20 M52 × 0,75 65 42 0.3
MS "Helios-44M-5" 2/58 40 6/4 0,5 0,85 11-0-0 41/20 M52 × 0,75 65 39 0,27
MS "Helios-44M-6" 2/58 40 6/4 0,5 0,90 11-0-0 45/25 M52 × 0,75 65 39 0,27
MS "Helios-44M-7" 2/58 40 6/4 0,5 0,90 11-0-0 50/30 M52 × 0,75 65 39 0,27
Helios-40-2 1,5/85 28 6/4 0.8 0,75 10-0-4 36/17 M67 × 0,75 82 110 0,95
Vega-13A 2,8/100 24 5/5 1,0 0,81 11-0-1,5 47/27 M58 × 075 64 82 0,46
A pilot batch was released, not serially produced
Vega13M 2,8/100 24 5/5 1,0 0,81 11-0-1.5 47/27 M58x0,75 65 62 0.48
A pilot batch was released, not serially produced
Tair-11A 2,8/135 18 4/3 1,2 0,8 11-0-0 44/24 M55x0,75 68 110 0,6
MS "Telezenitar-M" 2.8/135 18 5/4 1,2 0.90 11-0-0 50/27 M55 × 0.75 67 86 0,47
A pilot batch was released, not serially produced
MS-APO "Telezenitar-M" 2.8/135 18 5/4 1,3 0.90 11-0-0 53/40 M58 × 0.75 66,5 88 0,47
Jupiter-6-2 2.8/180 14 5/3 2 0,80 11-0-2 35/21 M77 × 0,75 90 139 1.47
Jupiter-21A 4/200 12 4/3 1,7 0,84 11-0-1,5 50/36 M58x0,75 65 153 0,74
Jupiter-21M 4/200 12 4/3 1,8 0,84 11-0-1,5 50/36 M58x0,75 78 157 0,94
Telemar-22A 5,6/200 12 4/3 2,5 0,85 12-0-1 44/25 M49x0,75 67 129 0,5
Tair-ZS 4,5/300 8 3/3 3 0,80 10-0-0 36/30 M72x0,75 85 260 1,4
Produced for "FS-12" photogun
MS "Telezenitar-M" 4,5/300 8 6/4 4 0,90 13-0-0 40/30 M72x0,75 80 200 1.2
Development. not serially produced
  1. Lenses for SLR cameras such as Zenit-Avtomat, Zenit-14, Zenit-AM, 3enit-AM-2, Zenit-APK, APM, Almaz-103 bayonetohm type "K" and a flange distance of 45,5 mm
lens Ratio | / focal length Vision angle Number of lenses and components Middle Focus limit Set of light transmission Color formula Resolution: Center / Edge Filter thread Frame diameter Length Weight
MS "Zenitar-K" 3,5 / 16 "Fisheye" 180 10/6 0,3 0,88 12-0-1 60/23 M26.5 × 0,5 63 49 0,31
MS "MIR-64K" 2,8/20 94 10/9 0,25 0,90 55/25 M67 × 0.75 70 42,5 0,2
Development, preparing for production
MS "Mir-46K" 1,4/35 64 10/8 0,3 0.86 50/20 M58 × 0,75 67 74 0,45
Development. not serially produced
MS "Helios 77K-4" 1,8/52 44 6/4 0,45 0.88 11-0-0 45/25 M52 × 0,75 64 41 0,25
MS "Zenitar-K" 1.9/50 45 6/4 0,45 0,90 11-0-0 48/30 M52 × 0,75 64 39 0.25
Development, preparing for production
MS "Zenitar-K2" 1,4/50 46 7/6 0.35 0,86 13-0-0 50/30 M52 × 0,75 63 42.5 0,29
Development, preparing for production
MS "Helios 44K-4" 2/58 40 6/4 0,5 0,85 12-0-0 42/21 M52 × 0.75 64 42 0,3
MS "Zeyitar-K" 1,4/85 30 7/6 0.8 0,85 11-0-0 42/23 M72 × 0.75 79 68 0,65
Development, not serially produced
MS "Gelionar-1K" 1,4/85 28 7/6 0,9 0.85 11-0-0 50/30 M72 × 0.75 75 54 0,52
Development, preparing for production
MS "APO-Telezenitar-K" 4.5/300 8 6/4 3 0,87 13-0 - (- 1) 60/35 M67x0,75 80 149 0,99
Development, preparing for production
"K" Attachment Varifocal Lenses
MS "Varioseiitar-K" 2.8-3,5/25-45 82-52 10/10 0.8 0.84 13-0 - (- 1) 55/26 d60 61 65 0,43
MS "Variozenitar-K" 3,2-4,5/35-70 63-36 9/9 0,8 55/25 M58x0,75 62 74 0,375
Development, preparing for production
MS "Variozenitar-K" 3,5-4.5/35-105 63-28 13/12 1,5 55/25 d65 66 85 0,6
Development, preparing for production
MS "Variozenitar-K" 4/70-210 36-11 12/9 1,3 55/30 M58X0.75 72 148 0,64
Development, preparing for production

4. Lenses for SLR cameras such as "Zenit-4", "5", "6", produced with a central gateohm, connecting specialbayonetohm and flange distance 49,9 mm

lens Rel.Rep. | / focal length Vision angle Number of lenses and components Middle Focus limit Set of light transmission Color formula Resolution: Center / Edge Filter thread Frame diameter Length Weight
Mir-1c 2.8/37 62 6/5 0,7 0,78 43/23 M49X0.5 58 59 0.27
Vega 3 2,8/52 45 5/4 1 0,85 45/25 M40.5X0.5 49.5 19 0,12
Jupiter-25ts 2,8/85 28 5/4 1,15 0.83 45/20 M49X0.5 61 66 0,325
Tair-38ts 4/135 18 5/4 1,5 0.81 45/30 M49X0.5 65 96 0,498
Rubin-1ts 2.8/37-80 60-30 4/11 1.3 0,70 30/14 M77X0.75 88,5 102 0,85

5. Objectives for rangefinder cameras of the "Zorky" type with a connecting thread M39 x 1 and a working distance of 28,8 mm

lens Ratio | / focal length Vision angle Number of lenses and components Middle Focus limit Set of light transmission Color formula Resolution: Center / Edge Filter thread Frame diameter Length Weight
Russar (MR-2) 5,6/20 95 6/4 0,5 0,70 35/20 M40.5X0.5 55 14,5 0,095
Orion-15 6/28 75 4/4 1 1.70 45/18 M40,5x0,5 51 21,2 0,08
Jupiter 12 2,8/35 62 6/4 1 0,75 34/12 M40.5X0.5 50 28 0,13
Industar-22 3.5/52 45 4/3 1 0.80 7-0-0 32/18 МЗЗх0.5 53 37.5 0,12
Industar-50 3,5/52 45 4/3 1 0,80 7-0-0 38/22 МЗЗх0.5 53 37,5 0,112
Jupiter 3 1,5/52 45 7/3 1 0,80 14-0-0 30/14 M40.5X0.5 48 41,5 0.16
Jupiter 8 2/52 45 6/3 1 0.81 9-0-1.5 30/14 M40,5x0,5 49 35,2 0,13
Jupiter 17 2/52 45 5/3 1 0,82 10-0-1 30/16 M40.5X0.5 49 35 0,14
Development, not serially produced
Mercury-1 2/52 45 7/5 1 0,81 40/18 M40.5X0.5 51 45 0,17
Development, not serially produced
Jupiter 9 2/85 28 7/3 1,15 0.80 30/18 M49X0.5 60 52 0,335
Jupiter 11 4/135 18 4/3 2,5 0.78 13-0-2 34/19 M40,5x0,5 48 98 0,36
Tair-11 4/133 18 4/3 1.5 0,80 11-0-3 28/18 M49x0,5 68 124 0,56
Development, not serially produced

6. Objectives rigidly built into cameras such as "Moscow", "Iskra", etc.

lens Ratio | / focal length Vision angle Number of lenses and components Middle Focus limit Set of light transmission Color formula Resolution: Center / Edge Filter thread
Industar-23 4,5/110 52 4/3 1,5 0,78 28/14 d36 Installed on cameras "Moscow-1", "2", "З-" "4"
Industar-24 3.5/105 52 4/3 1,5 0,80 25/12 d40 Installed on the camera "Moscow-5"
Industar-58 3,5/75 52 4/3 1 0,80 33/10 МЗЗх0.5 Installed on cameras "Iskra", "Iskra-2"
Industar-77 4,8/120 53 4/3 1 0.80 12-0-1.5 M49 / 0.5 Development for the camera "Photon"
Industar-63 2,8/45 50 4/3 1,5 0,80 38/14 M52X0.75 Installed on cameras "Zorky-10", "11"
Helios-98 2,8/28 56 6/4 0.8 0.80 50/35 M40.5x0,5 Installed on the Zorkiy-12 camera
Industar-50 5/50 4/3 20 Installed on a panoramic camera "FT-2"
OF-28P 2,8/28 4/3 Installed on a panoramic camera "Horizon"
  1. Lenses for the Narcissus camera with a frame size of 14 × 21 mm, an M24 x 1 connection thread and a focal length of 28,8 mm
lens Ratio | / focal length Vision angle Number of lenses and components Middle Focus limit Set of light transmission Color formula Resolution: Center / Edge Filter thread Frame diameter Length Weight
World 6 2,8/28 48 5/4 0,3 0,78 35/20 d36 46 29 0,11
Not serially produced
World 5 2/28 48 7/6 0,4 0,78 35/20 M40,5x0,5 52 48 0,18
Not serially produced
Industar-60 2,8/35 39 4/3 0,5 0,80 42/22 d27 38 18 0,04
Vega-1M 2,8/35 39 5/4 0,5 0,80 50/30 42 19,5 0,037

(c) »Photo» 92 / 9-10, Vyacheslav Feday


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