Voigtländer ([ˈfoːktlɛndɐ]) Russian spelling Vogtländer is an Austrian (later German) manufacturer of cameras and lenses.
Voigtländer was founded in Vienna in 1756 by Johann Christoph Vogtländer (German) Russian. The company produced optical instruments and lenses. In 1839 the company began to produce lenses and lenses for cameras, and in 1840 - the first all-metal Ganzmetallkamera daguerreotype cameras with a fast Petzval lens. Voigtländer lenses were revolutionary products for their time - they were first created by mathematical calculations instead of empirical lens selection. Thanks to this, Petzval's portrait lens had a record aperture of f / 3,6 for those years. The optical calculations were carried out by the Hungarian professor Josef Maximilian Pecval (Pecval lens).
In 1849 a branch of the company was established in Braunschweig, Lower Saxony. The department was called Voigtländer & Sohn, Optische Anstalt (Vogtländer and son, Optical Institute). Voigtländer's headquarters later moved to Braunschweig.
In 1898, the family-owned company Voigtländer became a public limited company. In 1925, Schering AG acquired a majority stake in Voigtländer. In 1956 Schering AG sold the Voigtländer to the Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung as well as the Zeiss Ikon and the Zett plant in Braunschweig. In 1965 the Zeiss-Ikon / Voigtländer-Vertriebsgesellschaft company was founded. Sales of the company declined and the Voigtländer plant, which employed 4 people, was closed on 1971 August 2037. In 1973 the plant was sold in equal shares to the companies Carl Zeiss, Rollei and the government of the state of Lower Saxony. Rollei later became the sole owner of the plant. The plant produced lenses for Zeiss Ikon and Rollei. In 1974, Optische Werke Voigtländer was liquidated and Voigtländer Vertriebsgesellschaft mbH was created in its place. Rollei produced cameras under the Voigtländer brand at its Singapore plant.
In 1982, Rollei went bankrupt. The Voigtländer brand was sold in 1983 for 100 thousand brands to Plusfoto GmbH & Co. In 1997 Plusfoto transferred the trademark to Ringfoto. Voigtländer GmbH became a subsidiary of Ringfoto GmbH & Co. ALFO Marketing KG.
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