Canon

June 11, 2014

Canon is a multinational engineering company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. It is engaged in optical-mechanical and electronic production of devices for fixing, processing and printing images, medical diagnostic equipment, as well as the development of solutions in the field of information technology and television broadcasting. At the end of 2016, the Canon group of companies included 367 consolidated subsidiaries, and it employs about 198 thousand people around the world. In addition to selling products under its own brand, Canon manufactures laser printers for HP Inc., marketed under the HP LaserJet Printers brand.

News items homepage Canon logo

Canon sponsors a number of international community organizations, including the International Red Cross and WWF. The company also takes part in cultural and sports events, including the World Press Photo competition and the UEFA Europa League.

Historical information

The history of the company begins in 1933 with the foundation by two Tokyo engineers of its predecessor - the laboratory of precision optical instruments (eng. Precision Optical Instruments Laboratory). The founders - Goro Yoshida and Saburo Uchida - set as their goal the production of a Japanese 35 mm camera, which would not be inferior in quality to its German counterparts. To do this, they disassembled and studied the device of the German Contax and Leica cameras, which were considered advanced at that time. Their research was sponsored by Takeshi Mitarai, a doctor and friend of Uchida. The first prototype was received already in 1934, but engineers managed to design a really working prototype by the end of 1935. By the beginning of the next year, the model was marketed under the name Hansa Canon; it was equipped with a lens manufactured by Nippon Kogaku, now known as Nikon. The name of the camera was formed from the Hansa trademark, owned by the first distributor, and the words Canon - a simplified English translation of the name of the deity of Japanese mythology Kwannon (Goddess of Mercy Kannon).

In the first years of work, the laboratory's production volume was about 10 cameras per month. To expand production, it was decided to attract investments by public offering of the company's shares. Thus, the Precision Optical Industry Co. was founded on August 10, 1937. Ltd. with a registered capital of 1 million yen.

Further development of the company was directed by Takeshi Mitarai, who took over in 1942. During the Second World War, the enterprise temporarily ceased its activities, but already in 1945, the American troops controlling the country showed a keen interest in Japanese cameras. As a result, the General Staff of the Allied Forces placed an order for the production of cameras for officers and soldiers. Thus, the production of cameras was resumed on October 1, 1945. In order to associate the name of the successful camera with the manufacturer, in 1947 the company was renamed the Canon Camera Company. The further spread of Canon cameras abroad was facilitated by the Korean War - photojournalists covering events in Korea felt that Japanese optics were not inferior to German ones.

1955 was marked by the entry of Canon Camera on the world market, the first overseas representative office was opened in New York (USA), two years later, the European subsidiary Canon Europa began operations in Geneva.

In 1956, the company expanded with the Canon 8T 8mm Cinema Camera, and in 1959 released the world's first zoom lens in this format.

In the 1960s, Canon began expanding into the electronics, office and home appliance markets, as well as conducting its own research in related fields.

In 1964, Canon released the Canola 130, the first electronic calculator with a keyboard layout that became the standard. The following year, the company entered the copier market with the Canofax 1000, and in 1968 the world's first plain paper copier was developed.

Due to the expansion of the range of activities in 1969, the name was simplified to Canon Inc. By 1970, the company already had its offices in the USA, Europe and Latin America, and the export of products abroad exceeded 50% of the total sales.

At the same time, the pace of development of the company lagged behind other Japanese companies, since marketing miscalculations often prevented the full use of the potential of technical inventions, for example, a new copying technology developed in 1972 was licensed to other companies. In 1975, Canon did not pay dividends to shareholders for the first time since 1945; To improve the company's position, Takeshi Mitarai, who retained the position of chairman of the board, invited Ryuzaburo Kaku to the position of CEO, under whose leadership the company's management was significantly updated and large-scale advertising campaigns began.

In 1976, the world's first digital automatic exposure camera based on the Canon AE-1 microprocessor was introduced, in an ad campaign for world tennis star John Newcomb. Other Canon innovations in the mid-1970s included a semiconductor laser printer (1975), an inkjet printer, and an apparatus for photographing the retina without the use of pupil dilators (1976).

In 1982, a cartridge copier was introduced, which was significantly easier to maintain than others. In general, starting from the 1980s, Canon successfully began to compete with the largest manufacturers of office equipment: IBM (electronic typewriters), Xerox (laser printers), Ricoh (fax machines). At the same time, Canon began a partnership with Apple, in particular in promoting Apple Macintosh computers to the Japanese market. In 1989, Canon acquired a 100% stake in Steve Jobs' NeXT Incorporated for $ 16,7 million, along with the exclusive right to distribute its products in Asia. In the camera market, Canon came out on top in the world in the early 1980s, surpassing Nikon, ceded leadership to Minolta in 1985, but regained it in 1987. In 1985, the company's turnover was $ 3,3 billion, which was 7 times more than a decade ago, in 1990 it reached $ 12,73 billion.

The company's growth slowed in the 1990s, partly due to the saturation of the camera market (although Canon had less than 20% of sales), and partly due to the appreciation of the yen. The reaction to this was the relocation of production to other countries of the world, in particular, in 1995, the production of inkjet printers was launched in Mexico, and in 1996 - in Scotland. The company also began to develop new markets in the Asia-Pacific region and Russia.

In December 2016, Canon acquired its subsidiary Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation from another Japanese corporation, Toshiba; the deal was valued at ¥ 665,498 billion ($ 5,8 billion).

On November 10, 2017 Canon announced its own virtual TV broadcasting system with the Free Viewpoint Video System, which is to be presented at the international exhibition Inter BEE-2017 in Chiba (Japan). This solution can be in demand in a variety of areas, including broadcasting sports events. The surround television broadcasting system includes several HDTV cameras installed around the perimeter of the stadium. The footage is processed using advanced technologies that can turn HD video from multiple sources into XNUMXD spatial data. As a result, viewers can observe the virtual scene from any angle and from any point, including following the players by choosing the field level view.

activity

The main divisions of the company:

  • Office equipment (Office Business Unit) - production of laser multifunctional devices, printers, copiers and similar office equipment (this segment accounted for 2016% of sales in 53,1, of which 14,8% were for laser printers for HP Inc.) ;
  • Photo and video equipment (Imaging System Business Unit) - production of cameras, video cameras, lenses, photo printers, inkjet printers, multimedia projectors, scanners, broadcasting equipment and calculators (32,2% of sales);
  • Industrial equipment (Industry and Others Business Unit) - production of systems for photolithography (technological process in the manufacture of microcircuits and panels on liquid crystals), medical diagnostic equipment, as well as ophthalmic lenses, micromotors and video surveillance systems (17,2% of sales).

The company's production facilities include 30 factories in Japan and 18 in other countries such as the USA, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Taiwan, China, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and the Philippines.

At the end of 2016, sales markets were distributed as follows: North and South America - 28,3%; Europe - 26,9%; Asia and Oceania - 24%; Japan - 20,8%

As of 2010, Canon is the world leader in the camera market with a market share of 19%, followed by Sony (17,9%) and Nikon (12,6%). In the digital SLR camera market, this brand is also the first with a share of 44,4%, followed by Nikon (29,8%) and Sony (11,9%).

Canon was the first in the world to overcome the "psychological" barrier of the price of a digital SLR amateur camera, reducing it to below $ 1000 (model Canon EOS 300D).

Canon in Russia

Today Canon is represented in Russia by Canon Ru, owned by Canon Europe headquartered in London. In addition to the central office in Moscow, Canon Ru has offices in St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk, as well as representative offices in all federal districts of Russia.

The main activity of "Canon Ru" is the supply of the entire range of Canon equipment to Russia, marketing support of the brand, as well as the sale of equipment imported to Russia. Since the beginning of 2010, Canon Ru has been the only importer of Canon equipment in Russia.

Affiliated companies

  • Canon Marketing Japan Inc. (Japan);
  • Canon USA, Inc. (USA);
  • Canon Europa NV (Netherlands);
  • Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation (Japan).

Shareholders

  • The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd. - 5,0%
  • Japan Trustee Services Bank, Ltd. - 4,9%
  • The Dai-ichi Life Insurance Company, Ltd. - 2,8%
  • Barclays Securities Japan Limited - 2,0%
  • Mizuho Bank, Ltd. - 1,7%
  • Moxley and Co. LLC - 1,5%
  • State Street Bank West Client — Treaty - 1,3%
  • Sompo Japan Nipponkoa Insurance Inc. - 1,3%
  • Obayashi Corporation - 1,2%

Lens markings from Canon manufacturer

 Label  Value  transcript
II, III, ... Versions Lens versions are marked with Roman numerals
EF EF mount lens
Ef-m EF-M mount lens
Ef-s EF-S mount lens
 DO  Diffractive optics Presence of distortion and color correcting elements in telephoto lenses (weight reduction)
 IS image stabilizer Optical stabilizer
L. L series lens High quality Canon optics
 Macro  macro lens Macro Capability
MP-E Magnifying lens
 RF RF mount lens
 Nano USM Ultrasonic motor of the nano type Average focus performance between STM and USM. Quieter STM but slower USM
 STM  stepping motor High performance focusing stepper motor
TS-E Tilt-shift lens (shift the blur area horizontally and vertically, as well as perspective correction)
 USM  ultrasonic motor  Canon high performance ultrasonic motor

About Canon cameras with examples of photos

  1. Canon EOS-R3
  2. Canon EOS 6D
  3. Canon EOS 5DS (R)
  4. Canon EOS 300D
  5. Canon 400D
  6. Canon 550D
  7. Canon EOS 70D
  8. Canon 7D
  9. Canon 7D mark II
  10. Canon EOS-1Ds
  11. Canon EOS 60D
  12. Canon EOS 600D
  13. Canon EOS 1100D
  14. Canon EOS 1300D
  15. Canon EOS-1N
  16. Canon EOS Kiss (500)
  17. Canon EOS New Kiss (500N)
  18. Canon EOS Kiss III (300)
  19. Canon EOS1000QD (1000F)
  20. Canon EOS 620
  21. Canon EOS 10QD (10S)
  22. Canon AV-1 (1979)
  23. Canon AL-1
  24. Canon EX
  25. Canon Flex R2000
  26. Canon FlexRP
  27. Canon Flex RM
  28. Canon Flex
  29. Canonet Junior
  30. Canon Demi
  31. canonet
  32. Canon 7
  33. Canon P
  34. Canon VI L
  35. Canon VI T
  36. Canon VL2
  37. Canon VL
  38. Canon L3
  39. Canon L1
  40. Canon VT Deluxe
  41. Canon L2
  42. Canon VT
  43. Canon II F2
  44. Canon II D2
  45. Canon II S2
  46. Canon II Sb2
  47. Canon II S
  48. Canon II F
  49. Canon II AX
  50. Canon II AF
  51. Canon IV Sb
  52. Canon IID
  53. Canon II A
  54. Canon IV S
  55. Canon IIIA
  56. Canon IV
  57. Canon III
  58. Canon IIC
  59. Canon IIB
  60. Canon S II
  61. Canon SI
  62. Canon S for Japanese Navy (WWII)
  63. Canon JII
  64. Canon JS
  65. Canon NS
  66. Canon J
  67. Canon S
  68. Hansa Canon
  69. kwanon
  70. Canon EF 50mm f / 1.4 USM
  71. Canon EF 50mm f / 1.8
  72. Canon EF 50mm f / 1.8 II
  73. Canon EF 50mm f / 1.8 STM
  74. Canon EF 15mm f / 2.8
  75. Canon EF-s 60mm f / 2.8 macro USM
  76. Canon EF 85mm f / 1.8 USM
  77. Canon EF 1200mm f / 5.6 L USM
  78. Canon EF 16-35 f / 2.8 II L USM
  79. Canon EF-s 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6 IS II
  80. Canon EF-s 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6 III DC
  81. Canon EF 24-70 f / 2.8 L USM
  82. Canon EF 28-80 f / 2.8-4 L USM
  83. Canon EF-s 18-135mm f / 3.5-5.6 IS
  84. Canon EF 50-200mm f / 3.5-4.5 L
  85. Canon EF 70-200mm f / 4L USM
  86. Canon EF 70-200mm f / 4L IS USM
  87. Canon EF 70-300mm f / 4-5.6 IS USM

Reviews and examples of photos from Canon lenses

  1. Canon RF Serenar 85 mm f / 1.9 M39
  2. Canon RF 50mm f / 1.8 Serenar
  3. Canon RF 35mm f / 2 LTM M39
  4. Canon RF 50mm f / 1.8
  5. Canon FL 50mm f / 1.4
  6. Canon FL 50mm f / 1.4 ii
  7. Canon FL 50mm f / 1.8
  8. Canon FL 135mm f / 2.5
  9. Canon FL 135mm f / 3.5
  10. Canon FD 50mm f / 1.4 SSC
  11. Canon FD 50mm f / 1.8 SC
  12. Canon FD 50 mm f / 3.5 Macro
  13. Canon FD 2.8 / 100 SSC
  14. Canon FD 300mm f5.6 SC
  15. Canon FD 50mm f / 2.0
  16. Canon FD 50mm f1.2L
  17. Canon FD 85mm f / 1.2L
  18. Canon FD 28mm f / 2.8 SC
  19. Canon FD 200mm f / 2.8
  20. Canon FD 55 mm f1.2 SSC
  21. Canon EF 15mm f / 2.8
  22. Canon EF-S 10-18mm f4.5-5.6 IS STM
  23. Canon EF 16-35 f / 2.8 II L USM
  24. Canon EF 20-35 mm f / 3.5-4.5 USM
  25. Canon EF 24-105mm f / 3.5-5.6 IS STM
  26. Canon EF 28-105 mm f / 3.5-4.5 USM II
  27. Canon EF 35mm f1.4L USM
  28. Canon EF 40mm f / 2.8 STM
  29. Canon EF 50mm f / 1.4 USM
  30. Canon EF 50mm f / 1.8
  31. Canon EF 50mm f / 1.8 II
  32. Canon EF 50mm f / 1.8 STM
  33. Canon EF 60mm f / 2.8 macro USM
  34. Canon EF 85mm f / 1.2L II
  35. Canon EF 85mm f / 1.8 USM
  36. Canon EF 1200mm f / 5.6 L USM
  37. Canon EF 38-76mm f / 4.5-5.6
  38. Canon EF 75-300mm f / 4-5.6 III
  39. Canon EF 80-200mm f / 4.5-5.6
  40. Canon EF 24-70 f / 2.8 L USM
  41. Canon EF 28-80 f / 2.8-4 L USM
  42. Canon EF 24-105mm f / 4 L IS USM
  43. Canon EF 50-200mm f / 3.5-4.5 L
  44. Canon EF 70-200mm f / 4L USM
  45. Canon EF 70-200mm f / 4L IS USM
  46. Canon EF 70-300mm f / 4-5.6 IS USM
  47. Canon EF-s 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6 IS ef-s
  48. Canon EF-s 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6 IS II ef-s
  49. Canon EF-s 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6 III DC ef-s
  50. Canon EF-S 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6 IS STM
  51. Canon EF-s 18-135mm f / 3.5-5.6 IS
  52. Canon EF 28-200 mm f / 3.5-5.6 USM
  53. Canon's first teleconverter EF Extender 2x
  54. Canon 70-300 f / 4.5-5.6 do is usm


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