State enterprise of special instrument making "Arsenal" (Ukrainian. Kazenne enterprise of special attachment "Arsenal") Is a state-owned enterprise of the military-industrial complex of Ukraine.

It is a leading enterprise in the optical-mechanical and optical-electronic industry of Ukraine. It is included in the list of enterprises of strategic importance for the economy and security of Ukraine.

Factory Arsenal Kyiv


During the reign of Catherine II, in 1764, the "Regulations on the Kiev Arsenal Team" were published. This year is considered to be the date of the actual establishment of the Kiev arsenal in the fortress. In the XNUMXth-XNUMXth centuries, the fortress workshops repair and manufacture various types of weapons, including artillery.

  • Since 1917, the plant began to produce civilian products (agricultural equipment, tools, household goods, etc.).
  • In January 1918, the Arsenal plant was the center of the uprising of the workers and soldiers of Kiev against the Central Rada.

After the start of the Great Patriotic War, the plant increased the output of military products. In early July 1941, in connection with the approach of the front line and air raids on Kiev, the USSR government decided to evacuate the Kiev Arsenal plant. Planning, organization and management of the evacuation of the plant was carried out by the director of the plant G. P. Shardin and senior engineer of GAU of the USSR People's Commissariat of Armament P. I. Kalinushkin... On July 29 - August 14, 1941, the plant was evacuated to the east, to the city of Balashov, Saratov Region - 2500 trains (36 cars) were used to move all the plant equipment and 1100 workers, engineers and technicians and employees of the plant. At the new location, the first section of the plant's mechanical assembly shop began work three days after the equipment was installed.

  • Since 1946, the enterprise has been redesigned to produce optical, optomechanical and optoelectronic devices, mainly for the needs of the military industry.
  • In the 1970s, the plant mastered the manufacture of the R-27 URVV.
  • After the creation of NSAU, the plant was transferred to the jurisdiction of NSAU.
  • Since 1994, the Arsenal Plant team, which had more than 50 years of experience in the creation and production of optical and optoelectronic devices and systems for military and industrial purposes (orientation systems, aiming devices, homing, observation, measurement, analysis and photography), designed for operation both in laboratory and in harsh natural conditions, it was gradually redesigned for the production of optoelectronic measuring and counting equipment for medicine, the banking sector and housing and communal services. The production of cameras, due to uncompetitiveness and high cost, has decreased to small-scale wholesale lots. The new management of the enterprise set a course for the gradual closure of the plant by reducing government orders, closing workshops, renting out buildings and premises, and dismissing employees.
  • On July 28, 2009, the Economic Court of Kiev, by its ruling, opened bankruptcy proceedings against the State Enterprise “Plant Arsenal”.
  • December 2009 - the liquidation of the Arsenal Plant was completed. The enterprise was divided into KP SPS "Arsenal" and SE "Arsenal" in order to counteract its destruction.
  • As of 2019, the electronics shop that burned down in 2009 was demolished at 36 Mikhail Grushevsky St. Leased 2 lower floors in the building at Moskovskaya, 2. Illegal construction work is being carried out in the building at 8b Moskovskaya street. The building at 26 Klovsky Spusk was redeemed for development.
  • All other buildings remain in the possession of the enterprise and are used for their intended purpose.
  • For the 1st quarter of 2020, the number of employees is 1098 people.

Arsenal Plant products

Aviation and Cosmonautics

Mobile three-coordinate radar for space control "Zbruch" manufactured by SE "Arsenal", 2019

All space launches of the former USSR, Russia and Ukraine were provided with the use of optical-electronic orientation systems manufactured by the Arsenal plant. In the 1970s, a complex of simulators of the external visual environment was created, creating a complete illusion of maneuvering and controlling a spacecraft during ground training of cosmonauts. Simulators manufactured at the plant are equipped with simulating stands and simulators, including those for the Mir station and the Buran spacecraft.

Aircraft helmet-mounted target designation systems, which were developed and manufactured at the plant, are used on MiG-29 and Su-27 aircraft in combination with the homing heads for air-to-air missiles created at the Arsenal Plant.

Special cameras of the Arsenal plant were used for photographing from the spacecraft of the Vostok and Soyuz series, the Luna and Zond interplanetary stations, the Salyut orbital stations, and were also used during the spacewalk of cosmonauts.

Currently, the enterprise produces homing heads and control systems for various ATGMs (Stugna, Skif), ATGMs and MANPADS, and participates in the production of Alder and Neptun missiles. Collimator display systems, on-board training systems for aviation, astro-measuring systems, inertial measuring units, various optical elements and other products are produced.

Cameras "Kiev"

  • From 1947 to 1985, the plant launched the production of rangefinder cameras "Kiev-2", "Kiev-3", "Kiev-4".
  • Since the production was based on captured German machines from the Carl Zeiss Jena company, taken out of the factory in Thuringia and according to German technology, the first Kyiv-2 model copied the German Contax camera.
  • Since 1957, the Salyut professional medium format system camera, copied from the Swedish Hasselblad 1600F, has been produced. Salyut was replaced by a modified Salyut-S, Kyiv-88TTL"," Kiev-88SM "and" Kiev-90 ". In the 2000s, a modified "Arax" was produced.
  • Since 1960, miniature cameras families "Kiev-Vega", "Kiev-30".
  • From 1965 to 1980, single-lens SLRs were produced cameras "Kiev-10" and "Kiev-15" with a fan gateohm original design.
  • Since 1971, professional medium format single-lens reflexes have been produced cameras family "Kiev-6S" with bayonetom B, since 1984 - "Kiev-60". In the 2000s, cameras of this family were produced under the names "Arax-60" and "Arax-645".
  • In 1977 the plant mastered the production of single-lens reflex cameras with bayonetohm Nikon. Kiev-17 was produced from 1977 to 1984, Kiev-20 from 1983 to 1986, Kiev-19 from 1985 to 1991. The modified Kiev-19M model was produced from 1991 to 2008.
  • In the second half of the 1980s, the plant produced a small-format compact automatic camera "Kiev-35".
  • Interchangeable lenses with focal lengths from 20 to 300 mm were produced for rangefinder and SLR cameras.
  • Teleconverters for N-mount (Nikon F) and M42 SLR cameras.

According to some reports, photo products are produced at the plant to this day in small batches or to order. "Kyiv" is the name of a number of Soviet cameras of various classes, produced since the late 1940s by the Arsenal Production Association in Kyiv, Ukraine.

Medium format single lens reflex camerasmodular layout

Cameras "Salyut", "Salyut-S" and "Kiev-88" are system cameras.

The main unit has the shape of a cube, it contains a focal gate with corrugated metal shutters made of stainless steel with a shutter speed range from 1/2 to 1/1000 s and "B". Cocking the shutter, rewinding the film and setting the shutter speed is done with one handle. Setting of shutter speeds is possible only when cocked. gatee. A replaceable viewfinder (shaft, pentaprism or pentaprism with TTL-exposure meter), behind is installed a removable cassette for film with a frame size of 6 × 6 cm (cassettes with a frame size of 4,5 × 6 cm can be used). The design of the cassette allows you to shoot it from the camera after any number of captured frames. At the front, interchangeable lenses with a B-mount (or with a B-mount - on the currently produced Kiev-88SM apparatus) are installed.

The design model was a Hasselblad 1600F camera.

  • Salute (1957-1972)
  • Salyut-S (1972-1980)
  • Kiev-88 (1979-2000)
  • "Kiev-90" (mid-1980s) - an automatic camera with an electronically controlled shutter, produced in small quantities.
  • At present, restyled modifications of "Kiev-88" under the "Arax" brand are being produced in small batches.

Classic layout

"Kiev-6S TTL"with the lens" Vega-12B "2,8 / 90. It is possible to use type 220 film. Outwardly, they look and are arranged like single-lens reflex small-format cameras, are distinguished by the increased dimensions of the camera as a whole and the frame size of 6 × 6 cm. On currently produced modifications, the frame size is 6 × 6 or 4,5 × 6 cm. TTL-exposure meter). Focal gate with fabric rubberized curtains. Platoon shutter and rewinding the film - trigger. Lens mount - bayonet B.
  • Kiev-6S (1971-1980)
  • Kiev-6C TTL (1978-1986)
  • "Kiev-60", "Kiev-60 TTL" (1984 - up to the present time "Arax-60" and "Arax-645" are being produced)

Lenses for Medium Format Cameras

The production association "Arsenal" produced interchangeable lenses for medium format cameras, with the letter index "B" - bayonet B, with index "B" - bayonet B.

Lens Illustration Focal
Bayonet mount Field angle
view lens
Zodiac 8
Kiev 88 and Arsat fisheye.jpeg
30 3,5 B and C 180° "fish eye"
World 26
Mir-26B 45mm F3.5.jpg
45 3,5 B and C 83° wide angle lens
World 3 65 3,5 B and C 66° wide angle lens
World 38
65 3,5 B and C 66° wide angle lens
80 2,8 В 44° normal lens
Wave 3
Volna-3 80mm F2.8.jpg
80 2,8 B and C 44° normal lens
Vega 12
Lens Vega-12B.JPG
90 2,8 B and C 47° normal lens
Vega 28
120 2,8 B and C 31° telephoto lens
150 2,8 B and C 28° telephoto lens
Jupiter 36
250 3,5 B and C 19° telephoto lens
Telear-5 250 5,6 B, C 18° telephoto lens
Tair-33 300 4,5 B and C 15° telephoto lens
ZM-3 600 8,0 B and C 7,5° mirror lens

Small format photographic equipment

Designed for the use of 35 mm perforated film. Frame size 24 × 36 mm

Rangefinder cameras

  • Rangefinder camera "Kiev-4A" with lens "Jupiter-8M" 2/50
  • Camera "Kiev-4" with exposure meter
  • "Kiev-5" with "Helios-94" 1,8 / 50 lens

Rangefinder cameras "Kyiv" are based on the design of the German devices "Contax II" and "Contax III". Documentation, technological equipment and spare parts for Contax cameras were taken to the USSR from Germany as reparations after the Great Patriotic War from the factories of Zeiss Ikon. The first batches of cameras "Kyiv-II" and "Kyiv-III" were actually relabeled "Contax" cameras. From their prototype, the Kyiv cameras inherited a very complex design of shutter speed, focusing and rangefinder mechanisms.

Rangefinder cameras "Kiev" without exposure meter:

  • "Kiev-II" (1947-1955)
  • Kiev-2A (1956-1958)
  • Kiev-4A (1958-1980)
  • Kiev-4AM (1980-1985)

Rangefinder cameras "Kiev" with a built-in unpaired exposure meter on a selenium photocell:

  • "Kiev-III" (1952-1955) - for the first time in the USSR
  • Kiev-3A (1956-1958)
  • Kiev-4 (1957-1979)
  • Kiev-4M (1976-1985)
  • "Kiev-5" (1968-1973) - only with "outside" bayonetohm and a number of other significant changes
  • "Kiev-4", "Kiev-4A", "Kiev-4M", "Kiev-4AM" (1958-1985) - with constructive and technological changes

Lenses for Rangefinder Cameras

Model Illustration Focal
Bayonet mount Field angle
view lens
Jupiter 12
Jupiter-12 (Contax-Kiev lens mount) .JPG
35 2,8 outer 62,5° wide angle lens
Jupiter 8
Lenses Jupiter 8M from the camera Kiev.JPG
50 2,0 internal 45° full-time
(normal lens)
53 1,8 internal 45° full-time
(normal lens)
Jupiter 9
Jupiter-9 (Contax-Kiev lens mount) .JPG
85 2,0 outer 28,8° telephoto lens
Jupiter 11
Jupiter-11 (Contax-Kiev lens mount) .JPG
133 4,0 outer 18,5° telephoto lens

DSLR cameras with original mount

Single-lens reflex cameras with an original bayonet mount of our own design.

The lenses intended for the Kiev-10 and Kiev-15 cameras did not have a diaphragm setting ring; the diaphragm was controlled and switched to automatic mode with a disk located on the camera body. Lenses with M39 / 45,2 mount could be installed through the adapter.

  • "Kiev-10" (1965-1974) - selenium photocell, automatic exposure setting with shutter priority, the ability to turn off the automation. Original focal gate "Fan" type with metal lamellas.
  • Kiev-15 (1974-1980) - TTL-exposure meter, automatic exposure setting with shutter speed priority, the ability to turn off the automation. Original focal gate "Fan" type with metal lamellas.

Nikon mount DSLRs

Nikon F-mount single-lens reflex cameras. In Soviet literature, the F mount was called bayonet H.

  • "Kiev-17" (1977-1984) - manual setting of shutter speed and aperture, no exposure meter. Focal plane shutter with metal louvres. Served as the basis for the models "Kiev-20" and "Kiev-19".
  • "Kiev-20" (1983-1986) - TTL-exposure meter, semi-automatic exposure setting at open aperture, aperture repeater to control the depth of field.
  • "Kiev-19" (1985-1991) - a simplified version of the more expensive model "Kiev-20". TTL exposure meter, semi-automatic exposure setting at the working aperture. Shutter with reduced exposure range. There was no possibility of multiple exposure - multiple shooting for one frame and there was no self-timer.
  • Kiev-18 (second half of the 1980s) - TTL exposure meter, automatic exposure setting at open aperture, aperture repeater to control the depth of field, electronically controlled lamella shutter. Released in small quantities.
  • "Kiev-19M" (1991-?) - modified "Kiev-19" with exposure metering at an open aperture.

Lenses under bayonet H for SLR cameras "Kiev-17", "Kiev-18", "Kiev-19" and "Kiev-20" were manufactured by the plant "Arsenal", the Belarusian association "BelOMO" and partially Russian KMZ and the Vologda plant (VOMZ).

Model Illustration Focal
Field angle
A type Manufacturer
MS Bearing 3,5 / 8A 8 3,5 180° ultra wide angle BelOMO
MS Zenitar-N 2,8 / 16 16 2,8 180° ultra wide angle KMZ
MS Peleng A 17 2,8 180° ultra wide angle BelOMO
MS Mir-47N 20 2,5 96° wide angle VOMZ
MS Mir-73N 20 2,8 96° wide angle Arsenal
MS Mir-20N 20 3,5 96° wide angle Arsenal
MS Mir-24N 35 2,0 66° wide angle Arsenal
PPS MS Mir-67N 35 2,8 64 / 84 ° wide-angle with optical axis shift Arsenal
MS Volna-8N 50 1,2 45° normal Arsenal
MS Helios-123N 50 1,4 45° normal Arsenal
MS Helios-81N 50 2,0 45° normal Arsenal
MC Kaleinar-5N 100 2,8 24,5° telephoto lens Arsenal
Telear-N 200 3,5 12° telephoto lens Arsenal
MS Granit-11N 80 - 200 4,5 12 ° - 30 ° varifocal lens Arsenal
MC Yantar-14N Macro 28 - 82 (85) 2,8 - 4 29 ° - 75 ° varifocal lens Arsenal
MS Yantar-20N 35 - 200 3,5 - 4,5 12 ° - 63,5 ° varifocal lens Arsenal
MS Yashma-4N 300 2,8 telephoto lens Arsenal

Automatic scale camera "Kiev-35A" ("Kiev-35AM")

  • "Kiev-35A" ("Kiev-35AM") is a compact automatic scale camera based on the "Minox-35" design.
  • Produced from 1985 to 1991.
  • It is made in a plastic case with a folding front wall. Equipped with a non-replaceable retractable five-element lens "Korsar-5" 2,8 / 35.
  • With the set film sensitivity and aperture excerpt processed automatically (aperture priority).
  • Central gate electronically controlled, exposure meter on CdS - photoresistor.
  • The power source of the camera is four SC-32 elements (modern analogue of LR-44).

Miniature photographic equipment

  • Camera "Kiev-Vega", frame size 10 × 14 mm.
  • Miniature camera "Kiev-30", frame size 13 × 17 mm.

Perforated and non-perforated photographic film with a width of 16 mm is used. Based on the design of the Japanese Minolta-16 camera, which, in turn, dates back to the 1947 Mica Automat by Konan.

  • "Kiev-Vega" (1960-1962) - frame size 10 × 14 mm, lens "Industar-M" 3,5 / 23, hard-mounted, gate curtain, with horizontal movement of metal shutters. Located in front of the lens. Aperture up to f / 11. Shutter speeds 1/30, 1/60 and 1/200 second.
  • "Vega-2" (1962-1964) - scale camera, modification of the "Kiev-Vega" camera. Focusing lens "Industar-M" 3,5 / 23 from 0,5 meters to "infinity". Synchronous contact "X".
  • "Kiev-30" (1975-1987) - frame size 13 × 17 mm, modification of the camera "Vega-2". "Kiev-30M" is a camera without synchrocontact.
  • "Kiev-303" (1990-?) - restyled modification of the camera "Kiev-30" with a changed appearance and other values ​​of exposure. There is no sync contact.

These devices are often called "spy", "KGB Spy Camera", which has little to do with reality.

Names and organizational forms

Names and organizational forms of the enterprise at different times:

  • Kiev Arsenal
  • Kiev Red Banner Plant (KKZ) "Red Arsenal" VSNKh → KKZ VSNKh
  • GS Kiev Red Banner Machine-Building Plant (GSKKMZ)
  • GS Krasnoznamenny plant number 393 NKOP (until 1941)
  • Plant No. 784 NKV → MOP (after 1943)
  • Arsenal plant
  • PO "Plant" Arsenal "named after V.I. Lenin (until 1992)
  • DP "Kazenne enterprise of the special attachment" Arsenal "(after 1992)
  • Subsidiary enterprise "Plant" Arsenal "" and "Kazene enterprise of special attachment" Arsenal "" (after 2009)

Adapters for cameras and lenses

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