BelOMO (belOrusskoe оbirdмmechanical оbyedinenie) is a Belarusian manufacturer of optical, optical-mechanical and optical-electronic equipment, an association of enterprises of the optical-mechanical industry of the USSR and the Republic of Belarus. Founded in 1971 on the basis of the Vavilov Minsk Mechanical Plant.

In 1957, a new plant was built in Minsk, the capital of Belarus. The plant was called the Minsk Mechanical Plant (MMZ) and initially helped supplement other Soviet factories such as GOMZ by producing various optical equipment used by other factories. By the beginning of the 1960s, MMZ began to produce cameras under various trademarks, such as Chaika, Smena, Vesna (Spring) and some others. Unlike the high-quality rangefinder and SLR cameras that were built by KMZ and FED, most MMZ cameras were inexpensive.


12 years later, another factory was built in the small town of Vileika, about 100 kilometers from Minsk, to further complement the booming Soviet optical industry. This new plant was called "Zenith Vileika Plant". The plant was created by the joint efforts of MMZ and KMZ, and its main purpose was to help in the production of the very popular Zenith SLR camera. At the time, the Zenith was one of the best-selling cameras in the Soviet Union, and the production needs required the capacity of the new plant in Vileyka.


In 1971, the Soviet government decided to consolidate its optical industry and merged MMZ with Vileika to form BelOMO. Both factories will continue to produce photo products, but under a single unified brand.

The half-frame camera Chaika II was one of the many popular models produced by MMZ under the control of BelOMO. Under the BelOMO brand, the company produced the Industar-69 lens, the half-frame Chaika and the full-frame soap dish Orion, Elikona, Agat 18 (Agat-18). The earliest copies of Agat 18 in 1983 were built at the MMZ plant, but soon after that they were transferred to Vileyka, where they remained until the end of production of Agat 18K.

According to the company, it occupies 2-3% of the world market for small arms sights, observation devices, fire control systems for armored vehicles, about 10% of the Russian market and about 80% of the domestic market for these products. The enterprise also produces automobile units, gas meters, infrared emitters, refrigerant hermetic compressors, and household appliances.

Since 1992, the company has been headed by Vyacheslav Bursky. In January 2019, he was detained by law enforcement agencies. In February 2019, the President of Belarus approved Alexander Moroz for the position of General Director. BelOMO logo:

Belomo logo 2

The composition of the association

  • OJSC "MMZ named after S. I. Vavilov" - the management company of the holding "BelOMO", Minsk - especially complex optical-mechanical and optical-electronic equipment (space, topographic, spectrozonal, photogrammetric systems and complexes; cine-theodolite equipment; armored, gyro-stabilized optical sights, laser guidance devices; industrial mobile and stationary cinema installations)
  • JSC "Zenit - BelOMO", Vileika (Vileika plant "Zenith") - photographic equipment, optical sights for small arms, observation devices, weighing equipment.
  • OJSC "Rogachevsky plant" Diaprojector "" Rogachev - overhead projection equipment, various types of sights and guidance devices for armored vehicles.
  • JSC "Zhlobin plant" Light "" Zhlobin - reproduction equipment, photographic enlargers, optical devices for the needs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
  • STC "LEMT" BelOMO Minsk - development and manufacture of laser products and products for medicine.

Product samples

Продукция размещена

Joint ventures

  • joint Belarusian-German enterprise "Zeiss-BelOMO" - manufacture of high-precision optical products
  • Belarusian-Italian joint venture JV "BelOMO-Koemar" - manufacturing of lighting equipment

Photo equipment BelOMO

List of cameras manufactured at factories that are part of the Belarusian Optical and Mechanical Association (BelOMO).

Cameras "Smena"

In 1958, the Minsk Mechanical Plant (MMZ), together with LOMO, produced the Smena camera (post-war LOMO model).
  • "Smena" is an uncomplicated small-format scale camera for novice amateur photographers.
  • Bakelite body, removable back wall.
  • Used photographic film type 135 in standard cassettes. Frame size 24 × 36 mm.
  • There was no rewinding of the film, the filmed film was fed into an empty cassette.
  • Film rewinding head. Platoon shutter separate from film rewind.
  • Central shutter, 1/200 - 1/10 and "B".
  • Lens triplet "T-22" 4,5 / 40. Focusing from 1 m to "infinity" on the distance scale.
  • Diaphragm lens f / 4 to f / 16.
  • Optical parallax viewfinder.
  • Synchrocontact "X" was installed only on a part of the release. There is a clip for attaching a removable rangefinder (or flash unit).
  • The number of cameras produced at MMZ is unknown.

In addition to the first Smena, MMZ produced:

  • "Smena-2" (1957-1961) - modification of the post-war "Smena" with a self-timer and synchrocontact.
  • Smena-M (1961) - a modification of the post-war Smena. The main difference is the presence of a sync contact, photographic gate with a different range of shutter speeds and a modified shutter release button. Lens triplet "T-22M" 4,5 / 40.
  • "Smena-2M" (1961) - a modification of the post-war "Smena". The main difference is the presence of a self-timer and synchrocontact, photographic gate with a different range of shutter speeds and a modified shutter release button. Lens triplet "T-22M" 4,5 / 40.

Cameras "Spring"

"Spring" - small-format scale cameras for beginner amateur photographers.

Cameras with a frame size of 24 × 32 mm. In terms of their level and technical characteristics, they are close to the Smena cameras. Produced from 1962 to 1966 at the Minsk Machine-Building Plant (BelOMO).

  • Spring (1962-1964) is the basic model. Lens Triplet "T-22" 4,5 / 40 with a central gateom i excerptmi from 1/8 to 1/250 s and "B".
  • "Vesna-2" (1964-1966) - modification with a lens of increased aperture ("T-22M" 4/40) and gateohm with a reduced shutter speed range (from 1/15 to 1/250 s and "B").
  • "Vesna-3" - a prototype with a 3,5 / 28 lens, not serially produced.

Semi-format cameras

Cameras "Chaika"

In the second half of the 1960s - the first half of the 1970s, BelOMO produced semi-format cameras family "Seagull".

These were non-automatic scale cameras for novice amateur photographers with a frame size of 18 × 24 mm (film type 135), with a central gateohm (shutter speeds 1 / 30-1 / 250 s), Industar-69 2,8 / 28. A selenium exposure meter was on board Chaika-3.

I was attracted by the compactness and lightness of the cameras.

Chaika cameras cost more than the most common cameras in those years cameras "Smena" with a larger frame size with similar technical characteristics, so the "Seagulls" were not very popular.

  • "Seagull" - from 1965 to 1967, 171400 pieces were produced. Exposure "B", fixed lens.
  • "Chaika-2" - from 1967 to 1972, produced 1,25 million units. Exposure "B", removable lens.
  • "Chaika-3" - from 1971 to 1973, produced 600 thousand units. Lack of "B" shutter speed, removable lens, exposure meter, hammerless platoon shutter and rewind the film.
  • "Chaika-2M" - from 1972 to 1974, 351 thousand units were produced. Option "Seagull-3" with a trigger, but without a light meter. Lack of "B" shutter speed, removable lens.


BelOMO returned to semi-format cameras in 1984, releasing non-automatic scale cameras “Agat-18” and “Agat-18K” for amateur photographers.
  • The camera body is detachable.
  • Used photographic film type 135 in standard cassettes. Frame size 18 × 24 mm.
  • Lens "Industar-104" 2,8 / 28.
  • Central gatediaphragm... With a diaphragm of 2,8, the excerpt 1/60 s, at aperture 16 - 1/250 s. There is no shutter speed setting ring on the camera, there is only aperture setting ring. Setting the exposure - according to the weather symbols. Change combination excerptdiaphragm impossible.

The simplest medium format cameras

In the second half of the 1960s - the first half of the 1970s, BelOMO produced the simplest medium format cameras "Shkolnik" and "Etude", designed for a wide 60-mm film of the "rollfilm" type. Frame size: "Schoolboy" - 6 × 6 cm, "Etude" - 4,5 × 6 cm. The bodies of the devices are plastic, the lens is the simplest single-lens, without focusing (focused on the depth of field). Photographic gate center with one automatic shutter speed (1/60 or 1/125 s) and "B" ("freehand"). The diaphragm is lamellar with two or three holes of different diameters. These cameras due to the low price (6-8 rubles), they were classified as children's toys, so a small number of surviving copies have survived to this day. Are collectible items.

Cameras "Viliya"

Developed in the 1970s, small format scale cameras families "Viliya" were popular among novice amateur photographers due to ease of use, optimal price-quality ratio and a large number of released copies. Unified cameras families "Viliya" had the same appearance, were completed lensmi triplet "T-69-3" 4/40 and differed only in the principle of setting the exposure.

  • "Viliya-auto" - from 1973 to 1985. Programming machine.
  • "Viliya" - from 1974 to 1985. There is no exposure meter, manual setting of shutter speed and aperture.
  • "Silhouette Electro" - from 1976 to 1981. Aperture priority automatic.
  • Orion-EE - from 1978 to 1983. Shutter priority automatic.

"Silhouette machine"

Further development of the Viliya family were the Orion-2 and Silhouette-automatic devices (Silhouette-2). Manufactured in metal housings, lens - "Industar-92" 2,8 / 38. In terms of technical characteristics, they practically did not differ from the previous Orion-EE and Silhouette-Electro cameras. "Orion-2" was not mass-produced, the "Silhouette-automatic" camera was produced in small quantities, because of the high price it was not in demand in the USSR (in 1981 - 140 rubles, in 1985 - 95 rubles).

Cameras "Zenith"

Some models of Zenit single-lens reflex cameras, developed by the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant (KMZ), were also produced at BelOMO (Vileika Zenit Plant). In cooperation with the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant (KMZ), Zenit-E was first mastered, then the production of ZenitTTL". As the KMZ mastered new models, BelOMO mastered Zenit-ET (including with a Helios-44M lens with a pressure diaphragm, Zenit-ET without an exposure meter), Zenit-12pro, Zenit-122 in including without a light meter. On the basis of Krasnogorsk Zenits, Zenit-15 was produced, including without an exposure meter, Zenit-15M, Zenit-21XS, Zenit-130. Zenits of BelOMO were completed, as a rule, lensmi "Helios" produced by the Valdai plant "Jupiter", lenses "Industar-50-2" came from KMZ. BelOMO cases were made of leatherette, in contrast to the leather ones produced by KMZ. In the late 1980s, it was widely practiced in cameras to replace metal parts with plastic ones.

Cameras "Elikon"

In the 1980s, to replace the Viliya family, small-format (frame size 24 × 36 mm) were developed cameras family "Elikon".

Elikon-1 and Elikon

"Elikon-1" and "Elikon" - compact automatic rangefinder cameras caseless design. The shooting lens, photoresistor lens and viewfinder lens are closed by a sliding plastic cover during carrying. Objective "Minitar-2" 2,8 / 35, non-replaceable, thread for filter M46 × 0,75. Focusing with a coupled rangefinder (eyepiece magnification 0,55 ×, rangefinder base 19 mm). Diaphragm lens from 2,8 to 16. The diaphragm is two-lobed.

Cameras "Elikon" and "Elikon-1" are automatic devices with aperture priority. Exposure meter with cadmium sulfide (CdS) photoresistor. Exposure compensation is possible only by changing the value of the photosensitivity of the film. In automatic mode, the central gate with electronic control works out a stepless shutter speed from 10 to 1/500 s.

  • "Elikon-1" - with an attached automatic photographic flash of a special design.
  • "Elikon" is a modification of the "Elikon-1" camera. The attachment bracket allows the use of a conventional electronic flash unit with a center sync terminal.


Elikon-2 is a scale modification of the Elikon camera with the Minar-2 3,8 / 35 lens. The rangefinder "Elikon-2" was produced in very small quantities. A total of 393 copies were produced.

Scale cameras "Elikon" with built-in flash (classic body)

  • "Elikon-35SM" Small format scale cameras with a built-in photo flash had a similar appearance, differed lensand the principle of setting the exposure.
  • "Elikon-3" is a small-format automatic scale camera with a single exposure priority (1/125 s) with a built-in flash, "Minar" lens 4/35. Central mechanical shutter. No B shutter speed.

When shooting with a flash diaphragm The lens is set depending on the photosensitivity of the film and the distance to the subject (when focusing, the lens aperture changes).

  • Elikon-4 is a small-format scale camera with manual aperture setting and a built-in flash.
Lens "MC Industar-95-02" 4/38 or "Minar" 4/35.
Mechanical central shutter with single exposure 1/125 s. No B shutter speed.
  • "Elikon-35S" is a small-format automatic scale camera (programmed machine) with a built-in flash.
Lens "Industar-95" 2,8 / 38.
Central gatediaphragm electronically controlled. No B shutter speed. In automatic mode gate works out a stepless shutter speed from 1/8 (at an aperture of 2,8) to 1/500 s (at an aperture of 16). Change combination excerptdiaphragm impossible.
When shooting with a flash diaphragm lens set depending on the sensitivity of the film and the distance to the subject (when focusing changes the lens aperture).
A modified model "Elikon-35SM" was produced with the possibility of manual diaphragm setting.


Elikon-autofocus is the first Soviet small format camera with automatic focusing. Designed on the basis of Elikon-3, Elikon-4, Elikon-35S cameras. Lens "Industar-95" 2,8 / 38, non-replaceable. Focusing is automatic in passive mode.

The range of autofocus is from 1,1 m to infinity. Central gatediaphragm electronically controlled. No B shutter speed. In automatic mode gate works out a stepless shutter speed from 1/8 (at an aperture of 2,8) to 1/500 s (at an aperture of 16). You cannot change the shutter speed-aperture combination. The camera "Elikon-autofocus" is a programmable machine. When the flash is extended, it automatically turns on. When shooting with a flash, the lens aperture is set depending on the sensitivity of the film and the distance to the subject (the lens aperture changes during autofocus).


"Elikon-535" is a small-format compact scale camera with a caseless body with manual exposure setting. The last camera designed by BelOMO.

Lens "Minar-2" 3,8 / 35.

The central shutter is aperture. With an aperture of 3,8, the shutter speed is 1/90 s, with an aperture of 16 - 1/512 s. No B shutter speed. There is no shutter speed control on the camera, there is only aperture control. Setting the exposure - according to the weather symbols. You cannot change the shutter speed-aperture combination.

Medium format cameras

"Relay race"

In the late 1950s - early 1960s BelOMO together with LOMO produced a medium format scale camera "Relay" with a tube (folding) triplet lens "T-35" 4/75. Central gate, shutter speeds from 1/8 to 1/250 s and "B". Frame size 6 × 6 cm, insert 4,5 × 6 cm (“roller film” type film). Self-timer, synchrocontact.


"Rakurs-670" and "Rakurs-672" - medium format (film type "rollfilm") single-lens cameras direct sight (without a viewfinder, on frosted glass instead of film). On the optical bench, there is a mounting unit for a cassette with a photographic film and a movable objective panel connected to it by means of fur. The objective panel allows you to shift the lens relative to the film, making perspective correction (shift lens). Professional cameras for pavilion photography, no more than 2200 copies released.


Adapters for cameras and lenses

Sometimes I buy photographic equipment from the USSR and not only. You can offer your write me. Help the project: 5469 1200 1062 4624. Comments can be left without registration and SMS

Add a comment

Your email address will not be published.